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Brought to you by John Sciarra, Bernard's Garage - AUTOMOTIVE INSIDER -

BERNARD'S GARAGE - John SciarraSummer's imminent arrival means your vehicle's air conditioning system will soon be under serious strain.

If your A/C isn't as frosty as it used to be, but it's still blowing cold, the system may need to be recharged.

Manufacturers used to use a type of refrigerant known as R-12, or Freon, until researchers found it caused ozone depletion. As such, it's illegal to use Freon in vehicles built after 1994. Now, manufacturers use R-134a to keep things cold in the cabin.

Working on an air conditioning system is about as much fun as sticking your hand in a blender. Twice.

Unless you are skilled in vehicle maintenance, it’s safest to take the job to a professional.

An AC compressor is usually driven by your vehicle's serpentine belt, and as it spins, it pressurizes the system's refrigerant. It's this change in pressure that cools the air coming into your cabin. The best way to keep your compressor from failing is to have your A/C system serviced once a year.

If your compressor needs replacement, most responsible shops will recommend swapping out a number of periphery components at the same time.

Why? The easy answer is working on an air conditioning system is about as fun as sticking your hand in a blender. Twice.

To avoid draining your refrigerant, removing your compressor, installing a new unit and refilling the system with new cool stuff — only to have you come back in a week and say it's still not cold enough — it makes sense to replace the necessary components.

Bernard’s Garage

2036 SE Washington St., Milwaukie



Brought to you by Mike Nielsen of Snap Fitness - FITNESS INSIDER -

SNAP FITNESS - Mike NielsenAs the inspirational saying goes, “Live less out of habit and more out of intent.”

While it’s true that starting a fitness routine can be difficult, I offer the following tips to get you in the gym door and on the road to good health.

Assessment — New SNAP Fitness clients receive a free jump-start session, including consultation with a trainer. The assessment determines the client’s baseline, helps us guide their first steps, and is an opportunity to discuss adding personal training.

Cardio — The national recommendation for exercise for all ages and fitness levels is to get to the gym at least three days per week, and to do a minimum of 30 minutes of cardio per visit. Working out with a friend will make it more fun, help you feel more accountable, help you stay at the gym for more months and achieve a higher level of success.

Strength training is key to replacing fat with muscle, becoming leaner, stronger and improving balance. Do two to three sessions of strength training per week.

Nutritional guidelines — Instead of eating three large meals per day, eat five to six small meals. This will fuel your energy throughout the day and avoid post-meal sluggishness. Also drink 96 ounces of water daily.

Online help — SNAP has a complete online nutritional program and training center. Free with membership, it provides a personalized workout plan, sample menus and a complete library of instruction videos.

Snap Fitness

Milwaukie: 4200 SE King Rd.



Oregon City: 19703 S. Hwy. 213, Ste. 170



Brought to you by Mike Nielsen - Snap Fitness - Fitness INSIDER

Mike Nielsen, Snap FitnessStrength training is an essential part of an exercise program, even for someone who hasn’t been active in a while.

Lifting weights, using weight machines and doing core work increases muscle mass and bone density.

As we age, our muscles deteriorate (called sarcopenia) and bone density decreases.

Research shows that seniors are more susceptible to bone breakage that younger adults. As people age, their metabolism slows down. We are seeing more and more seniors joining gyms.

If we take the average adult between the ages of 40 and 50 and do basic strength-training three to four times per week for 90 days, the outcome can be life-changing.

Here’s a myth-buster: Muscle does NOT weigh more than fat! A pound is a pound. 

Muscle is, however, more dense than body fat and takes up less area than fat. If you were to start an exercise program complete with strength training, you would increase your lean body mass and decrease body fat.

The body takes up less space and metabolism speeds up, resulting in a higher BMR (base metabolic rate, the amount of daily caloric intake needed to maintain LBM and weight.) This reverses sarcopenia and increases bone density.   

Not everyone walks into a gym and knows exactly what to do. Snap gives new members an opportunity to meet with a Certified Personal Trainer, who assesses their body and their goals. 

Let’s get started.

Snap Fitness

Milwaukie: 4200 SE King Rd.



Oregon City: 19703 S. Hwy. 213, Ste. 170



Brought to you by John Sciarra, Bernard's Garage - AUTO MAINTENANCE INSIDER

John Sciarra, Bernard's GarageRegular maintenance on your car is, quite simply, a good investment.

For example, when you bring your car in for a timing belt — typically needed at 90,000 to 100,000 miles— it costs in the range of $400 to $500. But if it breaks, it might be $1,800 to $2,000.

At our shop, when we do it, we do it right. With the timing belt, we also replace the timing belt tensioner, idler pulleys, camshaft seals, water pump and coolant.

Mileage interval maintenance, which is only done by shops, should be done at 30,000, 60,000 and 90,000 miles.

The ideal scenario is to get the car into the shop about three times per year for inspections, which will find things like rodent damage, which is more common than you might think. It’s mainly squirrels in this area.

An inspection will also uncover leaking coolant or oil, as well as plugged-up air filters. Once a year, you should get a brake inspection.

We do complete automotive repair, including pre-purchase inspections for $150. That’s a comprehensive inspection, which can detect unforeseen problems and save you from buying a compromised vehicle.

Our average cost for an oil change is $38; $58 for a brake inspection.

It’s a small investment. We do it properly and can save you a lot of trouble and expense down the road.

Bernard’s Garage

2036 SE Washington St., Milwaukie



Mike Nielsen - Snap Fitness - Fitness INSIDER

SNAP FITNESS - Mike Nielsen“We are a friendly, success-oriented fitness center,” says Mike Nielsen, vice president and co-owner of Snap Fitness locations in Oregon City, Milwaukie and Canby. “We’re like the ‘Cheers’ of the gym world, where everybody knows your name.”

Nielsen has been a certified fitness coach for 13 years and has been with Snap for eight years. He says being a fitness coach is all about helping individuals achieve the best version of themselves.

“It’s not just something that’s done at the gym, but it’s a lifestyle change,” he said of Snap. “We focus on not only the physical but also the mental and emotional aspects of everyday life, to make sure we are able to achieve long-term success.”

He says Snap gyms have a family feel and a personal touch.

The gyms are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with monitored access for safety. Snap has more than 1,500 locations nationwide.

The fitness centers offer cardio, personal training, weight-loss programs, a health center, strength training and Olympic lifting. An online web page for members offers nutrition counseling and an online training center.

“Our members are our greatest assets,” Nielsen added. “We do all we can to make sure they have not only the best facility and equipment, but a wonderful experience.”

Snap Fitness


Milwaukie: 4200 SE King Rd.


Oregon City: 19703 S. Hwy. 213, Ste. 170


Canby: 1109 SW 1st Ave.


Brought to you by John Sciarra - Bernard's Garage - AUTOMOTIVE INSIDER -

BERNARD'S GARAGE - John SciarraAfter nearly 100 years of providing excellent full-service automotive repair and maintenance, Bernard’s Garage is a classic Milwaukie institution trusted by generations of customers.

Founded in 1925, old timers and area residents still remember Joe Bernard Sr., who would design and build custom car parts when his customers’ vehicles needed it. Joe Bernard Jr., a former Milwaukie mayor, helped modernize Bernard’s and continued his father’s tradition of excellent customer service.

The current owner, Jim Bernard, another Milwaukie mayor and current Clackamas County commissioner, has computerized Bernard’s—turning his father’s mechanics into today’s technicians.

Besides providing free pickup and delivery, Bernard’s offers DEQ repair and adjustments, check-engine light diagnosis, manufacturer-scheduled maintenance, brakes, steering and suspension repair, timing belt tune-ups, radiator and water pump work, as well as engine, transmission and air conditioning service.

“We are straight shooters and will let you know what the problem is and what the cost is upfront,” Operations Manager John Sciarra says.

Sciarra, an 18 year veteran of Bernard’s, has attained numerous specialty vehicle class certifications. With 26 years in the industry overall, Sciarra is our INSIDER for automotive excellence.

Bernard’s Garage is a 17-year-long supporter of the Milwaukie Farmers Market, a Milwaukie First Friday participant and frequently donates to the Annie Ross House, Milwaukie Senior Center and other local schools and events.

A member of the Clackamas County Chamber of Commerce since 1955, Bernard’s has been named Business of the Year twice since 2000, and has received the BRAG award from the county for practicing responsible recycling and waste management.

Bernard's Garage 

2036 SE Washington St, Milwaukie, OR.

(503) 659-7722


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Cities' annexation overtures fall on deaf ears


Annexation boasting by the city of Happy Valley is revealing, although not surprising (Mayors: Aggressive agenda for 2014,” Jan. 29).

Why does Happy Valley have such a big ego...like we all have to agree with them and step aside? They are creating animosity among unincorporated property owners who pay property taxes for urban services on par or better than that provided by that city or Milwaukie. Where is the incentive to annex? We are concerned with their spider annexations (aka island annexations).

Who services Clackamas Highway now where Happy Valley has run their city limits down the highway to wherever they want to annex, usually a single parcel like Camp Withycombe, a public property? They avoid and bypass problem properties and non-productive tax bases, such ugly storage yards and unkept properties, and the myriad of county zoning and land-use violations. Homes requiring a high level of urban services are bypassed because of their inadequate property tax-revenue stream.

The city of Milwaukie’s advocacy to protect Three Creeks Natural Area, ancient oak stands and associated habitat from road building is very admirable, though, and they are doing a better job to advocate protection and restoration than our county commissioners and administration.

Exhibit A, the recent county Transportation Plan Update process. City leaders are responding to their neighborhood’s concerns. The city’s common-sense transportation planning is refreshing, showing balance between growth speculation, sprawl development and freeways vs protection of our established neighborhoods and natural areas. The city has a reason to protect these natural areas — they capture the needed precipitation and replenish the city’s domestic water supply, drawn by wells from the aquifer.

The city has also been diligently pursuing restoration of the Kellogg Creek Estuary and mouth at the old “Super Highway” (of the Great Depression Era) crossing the creek’s historic floodplain. The damming of the healthy fisheries of the previously-named Cold Water Creek of the

Joseph Kellogg days of the 1850s may have been considered appropriate 150 years ago, but not today. And what help has been offered by the county responsible for up-stream urban sprawl, filling floodplains and wetlands, clear-cutting virgin forest, allowing poisons, chemicals and silt to flow unchecked to the Willamette River? Not exactly healthy for the return of salmon to their rightful habitat.

The habitat re-creations of beavers are thwarted with trapping and bureaucratic ignorance, destroying free labor and expert capital improvements, so we can pay millions for holes in the ground being passed off as water-quality treatment and minor stormwater detention, while letting our natural areas and systems become disconnected, fragmented, flashed-over by heavy rains and polluted by big projects, such as freeways and nine-lane shopping boulevards.

A $20 million bridge solution (reconstructing the McLoughlin Boulevard crossing) also requires the county’s assistance to clean up the mess and reconstruct the state and local roads crossing the estuary, including dealing with the good-neighbor “wastewater” treatment plant (er, what we call sewer plants).

The light-rail train project from Portland to Park Avenue could have solved the entire problem (within the estuary) with a different route through downtown Milwaukie, combining its crossing with eight lanes of traffic, but our leadership ignored the planning and funding opportunities. The dam is still there, and ODOT and our state legislative leadership sit on their hands. They say there are bigger priorities like building more freeways to promote more urban sprawl and force expansion of our region’s Urban Growth Boundary! The city hasn’t given up, though, working with a nonprofit toward securing long-term funding to repair and protect these natural areas in perpetuity! Salmon might return in my lifetime!

The Board of County Commissioners have a legal responsibility to assure the urban services for which we are paying through special service districts. No one can convince me Happy Valley or Milwaukie can provide a more superior service level that our existing paid services! So their annexation overtures are falling on deaf ears.

The only difference I can see is that we have to deal with all these special districts separately, rather than walk down to a city council meeting and ask our elected officials to help us. The drive to the Red Soils county campus and the myriad other special service district offices gets challenging, especially when the county commissioners moved development services to the rural headquarters in Oregon City. Doesn’t help the urban North Clackamas, unincorporated, voter base...the people that determine who gets elected in this county, other than our neighboring city voters.

Come on county commissioners. You can do better for our urban area. We don’t siphon off rural dollars as some claim. What few dollars does the rural area generate in property taxes, compared to our north urban area of the county, cities included?

Pat Russell is a resident of unincorporated Milwaukie.