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As of Saturday, minimum wage increases to $11.25 in the Portland Metro area, including in Hillsboro, and $10.25 in rural Washington County.

MAP COURTESY OF OREGON EMPLOYMENT DEPARTMENT - (FOR MAP) Under Oregons first-of-a-kind minimum wage structure, wages rise a little in rural areas (red), more in some urban and suburban areas (green) and the most in the Portland metro area (blue). What is not clear in this map: Easter Washington County is in the middle, or green region. Most cities in the county are in the blue region. Minimum wage went up on Saturday for workers throughout Washington County — but the amount of the increase differs depending on where the company is located.

Last year, the Oregon Legislature created a first-of-its-kind regional approach to increasing minimum wage: The wages go up a little in rural Oregon; more in some urban and suburban regions; and even more in metropolitan Portland.

Some of Washington County is in the highest zone, called the Portland Metro tier. Other parts are in the middle or Standard tier.

The split happens along the Urban Growth Boundary, an imaginary line around metropolitan Portland beyond which urban services, and growth, are not allowed. That means wages went up the most in cities like Hillsboro, Beaverton, Tigard and Tualatin, but rise less steeply in places like Aloha, Gaston, North Plains and rural Washington County.

In all of Washington County, minimum wage went from $9.25 per hour on Jan. 1, 2016, to $9.75 per hour on July 1, 2016. As of Saturday, the increases $11.25 in the Portland Metro area, including in Hillsboro —an increase of $1.50 per hour over the first half of this year — and $10.25 in the rest of Washington County, an increase of 50 cents per hours over the first half of this year.

"It's a backbreaker," said Gary Nagmay, owner and manager of The Stockpot Broiler in Beaverton. He said the increase will cost his restaurant, with almost 50 employees, an estimated $45,000 per year.

Nagmay said he plans to cut hours, as much as he can. "That takes care of 50 percent, or maybe 40 percent of it," he said of the increase cost to his company. "The rest is down to price increases."

Ramsey Zawideh owns the Baja Fresh Mexican Grill in Lake Oswego, and belongs to the Tualatin Chamber of Commerce. He said he can't predict the impact on his restaurant yet.

"We're initially looking at raising prices, because that's the only way to pay for it," he said.

Zawideh has 24 employees at that site. "The vast majority of employees are not at minimum wage," he added. "We start them there and then, as they improve themselves, we move them up. I'd say 90 percent aren't at minimum wage."

But a bump up for the lowest-paid employee means increases for the others, he said, to keep things fair.


Impact on region

Emily Starbuck, economist and workforce analyst for Washington County, said counties don't keep track of the number of minimum-wage jobs, but the state does. Throughout Oregon, an estimated 300,000 people saw a bump in their pay on Saturday. That's about one in seven workers statewide, she said.

A large percentage of those people work in retail and food service, she added.

People who oppose increases to the minimum wage often predict a round of layoffs, whenever that number goes up. Others predict inflationary pressure, as prices rise to pay for the increases.

Starbuck said there isn't a lot of evidence to backup those theories, based on past minimum wage hikes. However, this year could be different.

Oregon's minimum wage is set to increase again each year between now and 2023, when it will hit $14.75 per hour in the metro region and $13.50 per hour in the rest of Washington County.

Those increases will be smaller than this year's jump — in places like Beaverton, Tigard and Tualatin — of $1.50 over last week, and $2 over 18 months ago.

"This is the year we'll see the greatest impact," Starbuck predicted. "So any budget impact (such as layoffs or inflationary pressure), we'll see in this business cycle; maybe in the next school year. I think that will set the trend for the rest of the increases."

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