'Racing to Change'
If you take one thing away from "Racing to Change," it's that history definitely repeats itself.
The newest interactive exhibit at the Oregon Historical Society — focusing on Oregon's African American pioneers during the civil rights era — is a powerful, educational and inspiring window into a world that might have technically passed but is still ever-present in today's Black Lives Matter movement and other race-related struggles.
"There is a lot of residual from Oregon's racial history — employment, public accommodation, housing issues" and other racist policies that have persisted, says Gwen Carr, board secretary of Oregon Black Pioneers, the Salem-based nonprofit presenting the event.
"What you have (in the 1960s and '70s) is a new generation of blacks who'd been born into this, but they weren't really willing to wait for change," she says. "They'd grown impatient with efforts that happened before them."
This is the fourth exhibit hosted by Oregon Black Pioneers at the Oregon Historical Society in the past seven years.
"Perseverance" in 2011 told the story of black history throughout Oregon, beginning in 1788. "All Aboard! Railroading and Portland's Black Community" in 2013 picked up in the 1890s and showed how opportunities with the railroad brought African American workers and their families to Portland. "A Community on the Move" in 2015 interpreted the history of African Americans in Portland in the 1940s and '50s.
After "Racing to Change" dives into the 1960s and '70s, there undoubtedly will be more to come, Carr and her colleagues promise.
Expect to engage
As you enter the exhibit, you're invited to step into a world in the late 1950s of excitement and tension, when repression of African Americans gave way to violence, activism and cultural and social upheaval — along with change.
Here's some of what you'll learn and experience as you walk through:
Incarceration: By 1980, African Americans made up 22 percent of those arrested in Multnomah County, despite representing only 4 percent of the population.
Police: There was a lot of distrust between Portland residents and the police in the 1970s, in the wake of local police brutality reports and nationwide police shootings of young African Americans. The police argued that they needed to suppress disorder and crime in minority neighborhoods, while advocates fought for less brutality, more oversight and better representation in the ranks. You can see actual police reports from the time.
Schools: As schools in Portland grew segregated due to housing policies, Superintendent Robert Blanchard in 1968 called for a desegregation plan to bus black students to white schools and systematically close black schools, including Jefferson High School. The community and a new group called the Black United Front fought to save it from closure in 1970.
Leaders: The civil rights years were marked by assassinations, including President John F. Kennedy in 1963, Malcom X in 1965, and Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy in 1968.
Activism: A Eugene chapter of the Black Panthers formed in 1968 to combat racism in the community. A Portland group formed soon after one of their members was beaten and jailed.
Education: The Black Student Union at Portland State University formed in 1968, followed by the Black Studies department a year later, making PSU the first institution to grant such a degree in the Northwest.
Arts: The arts flourished in this time of unrest. The Black Repertory Theater grew out of PSU's Black Student Union, performing plays like "A Raisin in the Sun," and the Multiracial Living Theater Company sprouted at Reed College to stage plays and participate in protests. Black disc jockeys played Motown, R&B and rock by black artists at a time when white radio programs refused to do so.
Before you exit, one of the last displays asks you to confront your own truth: "Are you involved?" it asks. "What action do you think has the greatest impact in overcoming racism?" Visitors are asked to drop a penny in a box to vote for their response: Either speaking out, voting or protesting.
Even if you didn't take an interest in black history before, you'll have a hard time leaving the exhibit without feeling fired up. If that's the case, Oregon Black Pioneers offers a list of organizations working to advance equality into the 21st century:
Oregon Assembly for Black Affairs: www.oaba.us
Oregon League of Minority Voters: www.minorityvoters.org
Oregon affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union: www.aclu-or.org
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (the Portland chapter, founded in 1920, is the oldest west of the Mississippi): www.portlandnaacp1120.org
Portland African American Leadership Forum: www.paalf.org
Black Lives Matter Global Network:
Events each month
To keep the exhibit fresh, there will be events — all free and open to the public — to engage with each month:
"History Pub: Women of the Civil Rights Movement": A facilitated panel discussion will explore the role of women of color. Panelists will include Joyce Harris, Oregon Sen. Jackie Winters, Charmaine Coleman and Charlotte Rutherford. 7-8:30 p.m. on Monday, March 26; McMenamins Kennedy School, 5736 N.E. 33rd Ave., Portland
"Student Activists: The Civil Rights Histories of Oregon's Universities and Colleges": Hear about what happened on college campuses outside of Portland, and how those students and allies shaped higher education opportunities today. 1-3 p.m. on Saturday, April 14; Oregon State University campus in Corvallis
"Oregon Historical Society Family Saturday: African Americans in Oregon": Families are invited to engage in the history of the civil rights movement through hands-on art-based activities; Noon-4 p.m. on Saturday, May 19, at the Oregon Historical Society, 1200 S.W. Park Ave., Portland
"Celebrate History and Make a Difference Now!": The exhibit's closing presentation will feature work by local community organizations. 2-4 p.m. on Saturday, June 9, at the Oregon Historical Society, 1200 S.W. Park Ave., Portland