May 17 result will shape potential funding measure in November
Voters will get to advise whether Clackamas County commissioners should pursue new sources of funding to maintain the countys 1,400-mile road network.
If voters say yes to the advisory question May 17, they can expect the commissioners to return in the Nov. 8 general election with a specific proposal perhaps a local vehicle registration fee or fuel tax to raise money for a fixed number of years.
The commissioners would have until September to decide on what the actual money measure would be.
The advisory question, which commissioners decided on Thursday (Feb. 25), is: Shall the county pursue voter-approved funding, for a limited number of years, for deferred road maintenance?
Although some commissioners preferred multiple questions and Commissioner Jim Bernard had advocated simply putting up a money measure in November the final tally was 4-0. Commissioner Martha Schrader was at a National Association of Counties conference in Washington, D.C.
Commissioner Paul Savas said the May vote is an opportunity for county officials to inform the public that more than half (54 percent) of county roads are rated in fair or poor condition and that the gap between available money and projected needs is growing wider every year.
But Savas also said the advisory measure should not get too specific about how the county should raise more money.
We made a commitment that we are going to do more outreach and we factor in what we hear from the citizens from now until September and not predetermine something, he said.
Though we have expressed that perhaps we are leaning toward a vehicle registration fee of a certain amount and I support that leaning I think to be genuine to everything that we have said so far we should do outreach to get a better sense of where people are willing to support.
An earlier version of the advisory question would have mentioned the possibility of a local vehicle registration fee as a source of money, but without a specific amount. Bernard said he would have preferred that version as a more precise test of public sentiment, instead of voter-approved funding.
That question does not give them anything to get behind, Bernard said. I think we should identify specifically what the mechanism is.
The most commonly mentioned sources are a local vehicle registration fee, proceeds from which would have to be shared with cities, and a local fuel tax that would go only to the county.
Going back to voters
Chairman John Ludlow once floated a plan that would have combined a $5 annual fee and a 3-cents-per-gallon tax.
But Ludlow said if the advisory question passes May 17, commissioners are going to have to propose just one source for voter consideration Nov. 8, based on polling and other public comments.
I am not willing to go out for two things, he said. We are going to have to decide on one.
Ludlow, Savas and Commissioner Tootie Smith did reinsert voter-approved funding into the ballot title for the advisory measure.
All of them have said that any funding would be for a fixed period five to seven years subject to voter renewal. They say most of the money would be earmarked for up to 47 specific repaving projects around the county.
That seemed to satisfy Ron Le Blanc of Lake Oswego, chairman of the Clackamas County Republican Central Committee, which last week (Feb. 18) came out in opposition to the proposed advisory vote.
His earlier comments drew sharp rebukes from Ludlow, Savas and Smith, who are registered Republicans, although county commissioner positions are elected on a nonpartisan basis.
After the county partys executive committee met the previous night (Feb. 24), Le Blanc said the party would take no stand on an advisory vote so long as any tax or fee to be implemented goes to a vote of the people in November with a plan for how the money will be spent and includes a sunset.
Alternatives on the table
Officials have talked about a local vehicle registration fee of $25 annually, in addition to the current statewide fee of $43 annually. Registration fees are collected every two years upon renewal by the state Driver and Motor Vehicle Services Division.
Under state law, a county would get 60 percent and cities 40 percent of proceeds under a local vehicle registration fee. According to county estimates, a seven-year fee would generate $5 million for the county and $3 million for cities.
Only Multnomah County has such a local fee now, and commissioners imposed the $19 fee to help pay for the new Sellwood Bridge. Voters in several counties, including Clackamas County in 1997 and 2011 and Washington County in 2014, have rejected fees.
An alternative is a tax on gasoline, in addition to the current state tax of 30 cents per gallon. Multnomah and Washington counties have such taxes, as do 14 cities, including Canby and Milwaukie. Under a 2009 state law, voter approval is required for new or increased local fuel taxes.
Proceeds from a county fuel tax would not have to be shared with cities. If Clackamas County were to do so in proportion to what a local registration fee would raise, however, county officials said such a tax would have to be 6 cents per gallon.
Steve Schopp of Tualatin criticized the lack of multiple advisory questions that would have given voters more choices.
If you do not have enough information, you will stumble like Washington County did in its failed attempt at a $30 registration fee in 2014, he said.
Clackamas County already faces a $17 million annual gap in road maintenance and that the price tag to bring all roads to good or excellent condition is $265 million.
Barbara Cartmill, its director of transportation and development, said more than half (54 percent) of its 1,400 miles of roads are in fair or poor condition.
A road does not have to have visible cracks to be in fair or poor condition, she told commissioners at a recent public hearing.
Brand-new pavement pavement in excellent condition begins to deteriorate within two years, she said. It needs ongoing maintenance to keep it in excellent or good condition.
Every single year a road deteriorates, it cost exponentially (more) to bring it back. Roads that have deteriorated to the point where people actually see a poor condition cost 10 times more reconstruct than it would have to provide maintenance.
What is happening in Portland is spot-on relevant to this situation.
The Portland City Council has put a 10-cents-per-gallon gasoline tax on the May 17 ballot.