Five levels of action for use of force:
1) Avoidance — White
2) Situational Awareness — Yellow
3) Threat Assessment — Orange
4) Fight or flight — Red
5) Deadly force — Black
De-escalation is always one of the best things one can do — leave the area, lock yourself in your car. The bottom line is let the suspect calm down or lose interest, no other action may be needed.
But if de-escalation does not work, the use of physical action may be needed when you are left with no other choice but the use of force. Keep in mind when talking about physical action that this is based on a case-bycase
basis. It's impossible to have a structured plan of action
that applies to all civilians. Some factors that will be looked at during an investigation are:
Physical attributes: height, weight, strength, etc.
Physical limitations: disabilities, injuries, medical history, etc.
An example of this might be of a 25-year-old man, athletic,
6-feet-4, weighing 210 pounds physically assaulting a 76-yearold man weighing 140 pounds who is on heart medication and blood thinners. One blow to the victim in this case could be deadly. So if the victim pulled a firearm in this case, it could be seen as justifiable. If the suspect continued to advance on the victim, and the victim perceived that his life was in danger, deadly force could be seen as lawful, even though the suspect is unarmed.
This is not to say that if the tables were turned in this
example that it wouldn't be lawful, but these are all things
that will be taken into account during an investigation.
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