FONT & AUDIO
Lobbying, campaign contributions give special interests clout
SECOND IN A SERIES
SALEM The day after Oregons primary election, Gov. Kate Brown stepped up to the podium at the opening of a software companys new office in northwest Portland.
The company, Vitu, operates an electronic vehicle titling and registration system in California and last year won a state contract to expand into Oregon. That was exciting news for Brown, who joined executives from Vitus parent company Motor Vehicle Software Corp. to celebrate the office opening.
I am so pleased to be here today to help open Vitu here in the city of Portland, Brown said. Their very innovative tools to modernize vehicle registration, I think, will be an essential service for Oregonians throughout the state.
For the Motor Vehicle Software Corp., the governors attendance at the office opening followed two years of investments in lobbying and political contributions in Oregon. Motor Vehicle Software reported spending $108,000 on lobbying in Oregon from 2014 through March, and contributed $107,500 to local and state politicians campaigns since 2013. This included $20,000 in contributions to Browns campaign, with the latest contribution in early May, according to state campaign finance records.
The combination of spending on lobbying and campaign contributions is common practice for many companies and interest groups in Oregon, which has no limits on the size of political contributions and expenditures. However, it is difficult for the public to track the connection because the state uses separate systems to record political campaign and lobbying spending. The state also does not require lobbyists to disclose if they play a role in raising political donations.
Lobbying for utility customers
As for the Motor Vehicle Softwares spending, it is dwarfed by the millions invested by the states top lobbying and political spenders. For example, the Oregon Nurses Association reported spending $2.3 million to lobby lawmakers and other state officials from 2007 through 2015. It was the second largest amount spent on lobbying by any private sector group during that time period, according to analysis of state records by the Pamplin Media Group/EO Media Group Capital Bureau. Since 2008, the nurses political action committee also contributed more than $1.5 million to a long list of state officials and lawmakers, including co-chairs of the Legislatures budget writing Joint Committee on Ways and Means.
Kevin Mealy, a spokesman for the Oregon Nurses Association, said during this time period the group advocated for legislation that ultimately increased school nurse staffing and improved staffing at hospitals. The nurses have always been patients most important advocates, and nurses dont think that stops at the patients bedside, Mealy said.
The private sector entity that spent the most on lobbying during the past nine years was Umatilla Electric Cooperative in Hermiston, at $2.7 million. The cooperative spent a much smaller amount approximately $170,000 on political donations since 2006, mostly to political action committees that contribute to individual state lawmakers campaigns.
Steve Meyers, member services administrator for the cooperative, declined to cite any specific legislation or outcome the cooperative hoped to achieve through its lobbying and political spending, and the state does not require entities to report that information.
Umatilla Electric has long advocated for the interests of our 10,000 members and the surrounding region, on issues that include energy, salmon restoration, water conservation and rural economic development, Meyers wrote in an email. UEC will continue to advocate for our members and constituents on these important issues.
'Money doesn't drive everything'
Government agencies and associations were also among the top spenders on lobbying in recent years, but they cannot contribute to political campaigns.
Although some groups spend as much on lobbying as political donations, Dan Meek, a public interest attorney and co-chairman of the Independent Party of Oregon, said he is more concerned about Oregons lack of campaign contribution limits.
Lobbying expenses and reporting is overshadowed by campaign contributions, Meek said. I also think lobbyists are only as effective as the campaign contributions they can deliver.
Meek also downplayed the importance of the software company contributing $20,000 to the governors campaign. Twenty thousand dollars would be significant in another state, Meek said. In Oregon, its trivial.
Liz Accola Meunier, a spokeswoman for Browns gubernatorial campaign, wrote in an email that the governors decision to speak at Vitus office opening was unrelated to the software providers campaign contribution.
Bill Cross, a lobbyist whose clients do not include the nurses, electric cooperative or software company, disagreed with Meeks claim that delivering campaign contributions is a key measure of lobbyists success.
Some of us I think are good lobbyists and we dont have big PACs, Cross said. Money doesnt drive everything, but I recognize it is a big factor. But I dont think its necessarily the role of a lobbyist and a measure of success as to how much he can generate. Because in some cases your clients its not going to be a realistic strategy they can use.
Cleaning up some stuff
As it turns out, vehicle electronic registration and titling is just the start of the services Vitu hopes to eventually provide in Oregon. The software company already provides software that allows governments to track transactions from vehicle sales to salvage, so basically the birth to death of a car, said John Brueggeman, Motor Vehicle Softwares Vitu Division president.
The company lobbied in the past couple of years for legislation to allow the Oregon DMV to accept more electronic transactions in the future. We had a bill last year and the year before cleaning up some of this stuff, Brueggeman said.
Brueggeman said the company has been lobbying Oregon lawmakers and officials in support of legislation that would allow the company to continue expending the services it offers. As were bringing these types of services into areas, a lot of times the law didnt foresee what technology made possible, Brueggeman said.
The Capital Bureau is a collaboration between EO Media Group and Pamplin Media Group.