What are FIV and FeLV?
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) are two viruses that can pose serious health risks to your cat. Both these viruses work by causing a permanent infection that eventually leads to suppression of the immune system.
FIV is similar to HIV in people. Most animals won't show symptoms for a period of time, often years. But once the virus suppresses the immune system, infections, cancer and other problems will begin to develop.
FeLV is a leukemia virus that most commonly results in the development of lymphoma or a leukemia. Cats may also be infected with FeLV for years without showing signs. Because infected animals can still transmit the virus even if they are not showing symptoms, it's commonly recommended that cats be tested for FIV and FeLV at some point in their lives.
Both diseases are preventable with routine vaccinations done as kittens, but once the viruses are contracted no treatment has been proven to eliminate the infection. Keeping your pet indoors also helps to prevent these diseases as both are transmitted via bites between cats.
While young animals that become infected often have a poor prognosis, adult cats that are infected may live a normal, healthy life for many years.
If your cat is showing unexplained signs of fever and lethargy, or has been bitten by another cat, contact our experienced team at Emergency Veterinary Clinic of Tualatin.
Emergency Veterinary Clinic of Tualatin
8250 SW Tonka St
Tualatin, OR 97052