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Oregon goes wheat-free to conserve wheat for flour to feed U.S. troops in 1918.

PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back through files from the last 100 years of publication.100 YEARS AGO

May 30, 1918

Oregon went on a wheatless diet Monday morning to continue until Saturday morning. No flour is being sold whatever during the period mentioned. The idea is to conserve wheat, and to temper the people for the longer and more strenuous wheatless period to come. This country will be permitted to use but very little more wheat between now and the arrival of the 1918 crop. The wheat ban is to be general throughout the country.

The Germans launched a powerful new drive Monday along a 40-mile front from Rheims to Soisons, and in the Ypres sector. Some gains were made in the early stage of the drive. No alarm is felt by the Allies regarding their ability to hold the Huns, and we may now prepare to learn of appalling slaughter of German soldiers as they attempt to advance in their favorite mass formation only to be hewed down by the Allied machine guns.

The Italians have launched a powerful attack capturing several mountain positions. They have taken 800 prisoners. The Germans renewed their bombardment of Paris with long-range guns Monday morning at 6 o'clock.

75 YEARS AGO

May 27, 1943

Preparations are being made for the unofficial opening of the USO center here tomorrow night, Friday, May 28.

On Saturday evening, it is reported, the official opening of the center will be held, with a dance being scheduled for the feature spot of the evening.

It is expected that 50 WAAC will be brought down from Camp Abbott for the dance.

Boys from the Air Base have been working all week getting the Community Hall into shape, and new furniture and some that has been donated, has arrived in the hall.

A meeting of the Jefferson County USO Council was held in the building last Monday night, with Judge T.A. Power, chairman of the council, presiding and Mr. Robert Lee Titus, area director for the USO, principal speaker of the evening.

Mr. Titus outlined programs that could be put into operation and explained the purpose of the USO organization to members of the council present.

He likened the USO to "All of the living rooms of Madras put into one big living room for the benefit of the boys on the base."

50 YEARS AGO

May 30, 1968

The peppermint industry in Jefferson County is demonstrating spectacular growth (9,000 acres last year, 14,000 acres this year), and its total yield (between 800,000 and 900,000 pounds of oil) represents a gross value of some $5 million, Paul Tornow, director of research for I.P. Callison and Sons Inc., told Kiwanians Tuesday.

Speaking at the Madras Kiwanis club's luncheon meeting, Tornow said that the future of peppermint is bright in the Madras area. He cited the forward-looking producers of the area as one of the reasons, calling them "the best group of farmers" in the peppermint industry.

Although Madras mint oil does not command as high a price as that produced in the Midwest, only Madras area mint is currently under contract, with a price of $5.25 a pound the basis of most contracts.

The high elevation of this area, with a short season of cool nights and warm days, make the Madras community a good production area, Tornow said.

New verticillium wilt-resistant hybrids promise continued high yields, the speaker explained.

Peppermint is used entirely as a flavor, not for any medicinal properties, Tornow said. Some 45 percent is used in dentrifices and other oral preparations, and much of the remainder in confections. More than 200 materials have been identified in peppermint oil, making it a highly complex substance.

Peppermint varies from area to area. Madras mint is described as cold and mentholic. Midwest mint is spicy. That from the Willamette Valley is a molasses type, Tornow said.

The speaker said that peppermint is not used to produce menthol. That material comes mainly from Brazil.

25 YEARS AGO

May 27, 1993

A lucky Madras High School senior will be the winner of a refurbished 1979 GMC pickup at a drawing for students attending the All-Night Drug and Alcohol Free Graduation Party and Elks Breakfast following graduation.

This year, the party will be held at the Athletic Club of Bend on Sunday, May 30. At a breakfast put on by the Madras Elks Lodge the next morning, the pickup winner will be drawn.

The vehicle, donated by Miller Ford, had work donated by several Madras businesses to get it into top shape.

Included was car seat recovering by B&L Upholstery, interior repair by Coach Works, bumper straightened and painted by Green Spot Welders, body parts from Ira's, battery from Jefferson County Co-op, custom wheels, tire mounting and balancing from Les Schwab Tire Center, chrome rim and paint by Madras Auto parts.

Madras Body and Glass painted the pickup, Ron McDonald Chevrolet replaced the transmission and did a lube job, Snow's Transmission repaired the transmission, Spic and Span detailed the motor and did interior and exterior washing, Thomas Sales and Service provided a motor tune-up, Thrifty Drug provided AM/FM radio and cassette player and two-way speakers, and an anonymous person donated the tires.

Chairmen for the car give away were Orin Potampa and Bob King.

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