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Warm Springs 'Bravettes' prepare for Portland Rose Festival's Grand Floral Parade in 1968.

PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer reviews stories from the past 100 years of Jefferson County history.100 YEARS AGO

June 6, 1918

The German Navy is bottled up. It dare not come out in the open to fight. It would mean disaster for it to do so and the German High Command knows this full well. The murderous submarine is the only effective naval weapon, and it is becoming almost nil under the relentless warfare being waged against it by the allied navies.

Had the Germans an effective navy, one that could fairly cope with that of her enemy at the present moment, she would be in a position to force peace on her own terms. But, thanks to the wisdom of England in her naval foresight, the allies are able even under adverse circumstances to still control the situation.

It is impossible for Germans to rule the world, without she gains control of the seas, even should she overran both France and England. The navies are mobile and can be easily shifted from place to place. Were it possible for Germany to make every part of Europe untenable as a naval base for her enemies, they could still shift to America, which they would certainly do, and still be many times over mistress of the seas. And with the great lead had over Germany, they can easily maintain that lead and continue indefinitely to lead in naval power and control the commerce of the world.

75 YEARS AGO

June 3, 1943

Ivan Jacobsen, formerly employed at the American legation in Oslo, Norway will speak in Madras Wednesday, June 9, on his experience in a Gestapo prison.

He served seven months in Mollergaten, Nazi prison, world famous for the cruelties practiced there.

Jacobsen was arrested at the Swedish border in December 1940, for helping Americans to leave Norway after the German invasion in April. He was on his way to a new post in Moscow when arrested by the Gestapo. He will tell of his escape and his voluntary return to prison in order to save those who helped him escape.

He broke his arm in order to get in the hospital as he thought his chances of escape would be better from the hospital. He was sent to a prison camp in Germany and was exchanged for a German prisoner held in the United States in July 1941.

Jacobsen will explain the organization of civilian defense in Norway.

50 YEARS AGO

June 6, 1968

The Portland Rose Festival is a big event throughout the state as well in the Rose City. From one year to the next, marching entries, bands, and float planners figure ways to prepare and outdo themselves. The competition throughout the state is keen and this year, Jefferson County will be represented in the Grand Floral Parade this Saturday, June 8.

The Bravettes, a drill team consisting of girls from the Warm Springs Indian Reservation will march along the 5-mile parade route on Saturday and will represent not only the reservation and the Indian culture, but the entire Jefferson County area as well.

The drill team started three years ago as an outgrowth of the Warm Springs Teen Club and sponsored by the Warm Springs Community Center. Its members must be Indian and they range in age from 13 to 18 years. All the girls attend the Madras public schools. At present, there are 20 members.

During the winter, the Bravettes practice once a week for two hours. They perform whenever called upon, usually for athletic half-times and Indian functions. As the Rose Parade draws closer, their practices increase until the last couple of weeks when they are practicing almost daily. In the spring, they begin outdoor practice.

The team marches around the streets of Warm Springs and on some of the lesser traveled roads leading to the community. By parade time, they have marched 5 miles many times, mostly on gravel roads.

A few days before the parade, a dress rehearsal is staged for the citizens of Warm Springs. The girls dress in the costumes they will wear in the parade and march through the community, usually with near the total community population lining the streets to watch.

The mothers of the girls have been involved in sewing four different uniforms through the three years and are at present working on new uniforms for this year's Rose Parade. It would seem that for the Indian girls, parade costumes would be brilliant, beaded buckskin dresses traditional of their heritage. However, did parade day turn out to be rainy, the buckskin would be ruined, and if the day were sunny and hot, the 20- to 30-pound traditional robes would exhaust the marchers. Therefore, lighter uniforms have been designed. Mothers and many older tribal members have had the Community Center sewing machines whirling to get the new costumes ready for the parade.

The Confederated Tribes have donated eagle feathers for the girls' headbands and they are the property of the team. Eagle feathers are very difficult to obtain. All of the costumes also belong to the drill team.

25 YEARS AGO

June 3, 1993

The Chamber of Commerce Economic Development for Jefferson County is in the process of trying to persuade the headquarters office of the Crooked River National Grassland to relocate from Prineville to Jefferson County.

On May 19, Jefferson County Court members met with the EDJ group to discuss the possibility.

County Judge Dan Ahern noted that 100 percent of the Crooked River Grassland is located in Jefferson County, yet the office is in Crook County. The office employs seven people with an annual operating budget of $340,000.

Commissioner Rick Allen said it was unusual for an office to be outside of the area it serves. As it now stands, employees are driving from Prineville to maintain the Haystack Reservoir Campground near Culver. Much time is also lost when the drive must be made from Prineville to fight canyon fires in this area.

"It would be something done jointly between county court and EDJ," Allen pointed out. "The roll of EDJ is to promote economic development in the county. With the headquarters would come the payroll, jobs, and people. It would be just like landing a business," he added.

At the meeting, it was decided a team would be formed to approach District Ranger Byron Cheney about the relocation idea.

"Changes like this can happen over time. We got the OSU Agricultural Research Center to relocate here. It took time, but it's here," Allen reminded them.

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