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Madras experiences a near total solar eclipse on June 13, 1918, just after 2 o'clock.

PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back over the past 100 years.100 YEARS AGO

June 13, 1918

True to schedule, the eclipse of the sun appeared shortly after 2 o'clock Saturday at Madras and the disc of the moon began chewing into the northwest edge of Old Sol and slowly cut across, leaving a narrow edge, which circled around the south, or lower edge of the sun, visible all of the time. The degree of totality was perhaps 95 percent.

Although a deep twilight set in for a short time — the chickens did not hunt their roost nor did the Madras "kids" get sleepy. Many people here prepared their smoked glasses beforehand, and it appeared that everybody was observing the phenomena.

A thin fleece of clouds hung over this city, just heavy enough to help take the brilliancy off the sun, but not sufficient to interfere at any time with the view, and we do not believe there was a moment during the entire "show" that the sun was not plainly visible.

75 YEARS AGO

June 10, 1943

Nearly 100 people were present Wednesday evening at the courthouse to hear Ivan Jacobson, a native of Tacoma, speak on the invasion of Norway and the importance of the civilian defense.

He was accompanied by E.A. Colby of the Salem State Civilian Defense Council and Wesley Graves, coordinator of Jefferson Defense Council. Jacobson was a member of the American legation staff at Oslo and was arrested and held for questioning.

He spent seven months in a German prison, most of the time in solitary confinement. He described the breakdown of the physical and mental condition under a diet from which all vitamins had been removed. Two slices of black bread made of cellulose flour which contained about 80 percent of ground sawdust were given to him three times a day, along with a very small piece of fish and water.

The diet never varied, and even the regularity of it was monotonous. Beatings were held at regular intervals, counted off by the prisoners when this would occur again.

To escape the monotony he swallowed two cigarette butts which had been smuggled to him. He was taken to a hospital staffed by Norwegian doctors and nurses. He made his escape only to return so that friends held as hostages would be released. He mentioned the execution of two of the doctors later.

In the audience were many people of Norwegian descent, who listened attentively as Jacobson described in detail the economic condition of Norway before the invasion. Her successful system of cooperative markets proved to one's disadvantage when the Nazis took over. They knew how many quarts of milk each cow in Norway had produced the year before, and they had written reports on every egg marketed. This made it impossible for the producers to hold back any foodstuffs.

Jacobson said, "I would like to tell you that the Norwegians will never give up, but I can't tell you that because they are only human and no people can continue resistance when hunger has weakened bodies and minds."

When he first went to Norway, he looked up the birthplace of his father, grandfather and great-grandfather, a line he could trace to 1620. In fancy he had thought of an estate of hundreds of acres, a manor and outhouses. He found in substance seven stony acres and a modest home which was occupied by an uncle and his family. He also found honesty, thrift and loyalty. After the invasion, the house was occupied by several German officers and the outbuildings by German soldiers.

He stressed the fact that Norwegians are 98 percent loyal, and that her fall came not because of a few Quislings but because Norway, a lover of peace, was unprepared to defend her 15,000 miles of indented coastlines. Even in a losing battle, she fought for 62 days, inflicting a loss of 65,000 men to the Germans. Her own loss numbered 7,000. Her underground message system functions 100 percent.

Jacobson said the skies were black with airplanes, wave after wave striking the village, hamlet, and countryside, obliberating landmarks and homes dating back many centuries.

He pointed out that the Norwegians said, "It can't happen here," the same thing many Americans are saying. He said, "When your boys come back, they will want to know what you have done and how you have conducted yourself while they have been at the front."PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back over the past 100 years.

The Norwegian embassy has loaned Jacobson to the Oregon Civilian Defense Council, which is sponsoring his appearances in Central Oregon.

50 YEARS AGO

June 13, 1968

Talk about luck! Alex McDonald, 10-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Tom McDonald of Ashwood, stepped on a rattlesnake last Sunday morning. Fortunately he had his boots on and escaped being bitten ... but last year, he stepped on a rattler while barefoot ... and that's where the luck comes in. He wasn't bitten that time either. The snakes had pretty good luck, too. They escaped in both instances.

25 YEARS AGO

June 10, 1993

The 1993 grand opening and ice cream social of the Jefferson County Museum will be held June 12, from noon to 5 p.m., at the Pioneer Farmstead and Schoolhouse.

Located on the southwest corner of the Jefferson County Fairgrounds, these buildings depict a glimpse into our county's past. Vintage autos and equipment will be displayed and operated.

Old time music will be played throughout the afternoon, while visitors and friends of the museum will be treated to complimentary ice cream served by members of the museum board of directors.

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