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The government asks young women to train as nurses in 1918, to assist war effort.

MADRAS PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back over the newspaper's 114 years of archives.100 YEARS AGO

July 25, 1918

The government is calling for 25,000 young women to join the United States Student Nurse-Reserve and hold themselves in readiness to train for service as nurses.

The war is creating an unprecedented demand for trained nurses. Only those who have taken the full training course are eligible for service with our forces overseas. These nurses are being drawn largely from our hospitals at home. Their places must be filled by student nurses enrolled for the full training course of from two to three years. Every young woman who enrolls in the United States Nurse Reserve is releasing a nurse for service at the front and swelling the home army which we must rely on to act as our second line of hospital defense. Upon the health of the American people will depend the spirit of their fighting force.

The call is for women between the ages of 19 and 35. Intelligent, responsible women of good education and sound health are wanted — the pick of the country. A college education is a valuable asset, and many good hospitals will give credit for a special scientific equipment or for preliminary training in nursing, such as that given in special courses now being conducted by various colleges and schools. Some schools, on the other hand, do not even require a full high school education.

There are 1,579 nurses' training schools in this country. Their need is as great and imperative as that of the Army School of Nursing. Those who enroll for these schools will be assigned as vacancies occur.

75 YEARS AGO

July 22, 1943

Capt. Rex Barber, the United States Army Air Force's fighter pilot who flew so low over a Japanese destroyer in the South Pacific that he broke his plane's wing on the foremast, has been presented the award of the Oak Leaf Cluster to the Silver Star for gallantry in action, the War Department announced recently.

Capt. Barber was flying as wing man for Capt. Thomas G. Lanphier Jr., one of the outstanding P-38 Lightning pilots in the South Pacific, on a return flight from a Japanese base, where they destroyed six float planes on the water, when they spotted the destroyer.

He went in for four passes with the rest of the American planes and knocked off part of his wing. The destroyer later sank.

50 YEARS AGO

July 25, 1968

Dr. Carlos Kemper, late of Browning, Montana, began to get acquainted with Jefferson County residents Tuesday as he was introduced at the luncheon meeting of the Madras Kiwanis Club at the Stag Café.

The new physician will be in Dr. Evan Thomas' office for a limited time while Dr. Thomas takes his annual holiday.

Dr. Kemper will be looking for office assistance, including a secretary and an office nurse.

25 YEARS AGO

July 22, 1993

The Oregon Supreme Court has ruled in favor of the Jefferson County Emergency Medical Services District concerning a lawsuit filed by Mountain View Hospital District over district rights.

In 1989, the hospital filed a suit against JCEMSD, declaring the ambulance district was invalid since it was formed under the same statute as the hospital district. The hospital felt a second health care district could not be created within the boundaries of its pre-existing district, according to the statute.

However, the Jefferson County Circuit Court decided in favor of JCEMSD in November of 1990, interpreting the statue to mean that the pre-existing health care district must be providing an ambulance service in order to prevent the formation of a second health care district.

JCEMSD had been providing ambulance service to Jefferson County since 1963, and Mountain View Hospital did not have an ambulance service. The Circuit Court subsequently decided the two districts could legally coexist.

The hospital district appealed the Circuit Court decision to the Oregon Court of Appeals in December 1990, and in June 1992 that court overturned the decision of the Circuit Court.

JCEMSD then petitioned to the Court of Appeals for a review of the overturned decision. When the Court of Appeals denied to do a review, the petition automatically went to the Oregon Supreme Court for review.

On Jan. 8, 1993, the Oregon Supreme Court began considering the case and on July 5, 1993, decided to overturn the Court of Appeals decision, thus ruling in JCEMSD's favor.

Mountain View Hospital Administrator Ron Barnes had no comment on the decision.

Rodney Blake of JCEMSD said the working relationship between JCEMSD and the hospital has been improving steadily.

"The district hopes we can put this ordeal behind us, so we can continue to deliver the same quality ambulance service we have in the past," he said.

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