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Thirteen was the magic number for Rex Barber's unit, the Army 13th Air Force, in 1943.

MADRAS PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back through more than 100 years of newspaper archives.100 YEARS AGO

September 12, 1918

Over 75 percent of the sugar used in the United States is delivered by ships. There is produced about 800,000 tons of beet sugar and 250,000 tons of cane sugar in Louisiana. The total consumption of the United States is about 4,500,000 tons of raw sugar, which makes about 4,250,000 tons of refined sugar.

If our coasts were blockaded as Germany's now are, we would have available for the use of the people of the United States only one pound of sugar for every four we use. Under such circumstances, there is no doubt that the American people would get along on this limited supply without complaint.

The United States Food and Drug Administration is asking every American household to use not more than two pounds of sugar per person each month for domestic use. Reducing our sugar consumption here means that we will be able to help supply the needs of France, England and Italy. Sugar conservation on the American table also means conservation of ships.

The Army and Navy have sent out an "S.O.S." call for ships. "Save Our Ships to Transport Troops and Munitions to France, in order that we may keep the fighting front where it now is and not allow it to extend to our own homes," is the message.

There is ample sugar in the world for all requirements — in fact, there is a large surplus, but on account of the ship shortage, it is not available for use in this country.

Java, which produces 15 percent of the world's cane crop, is too far removed. It requires 150 to 160 days for a ship to go to Java and return.

75 YEARS AGO

September 9, 1943

Thirteen is the magic number so far as the United States Army 13th Air Force in the South Pacific is concerned.

Captain Rex T. Barber, of Culver, is one of the 13 members of the group who have shot down five or more Jap planes.

This group has dug up considerable evidence to prove their point.

Thirteen members have shot down five or more Japanese planes each. The number over five planes each that this group of pilots has shot down totaled 13 as of Friday, Aug. 13.

Five of the pilots with five or more planes to their credit, have 13 letters to their names.

First Lt. Cotesworth B. Head Jr., became the 13th man in the 13th Air Force to get five or more planes, and he shot down this plane at an altitude of 13,000 feet.

Lt. Head is from Walnut Creek, California.

Several of the 13 pilots are now in the United States.

The 13th Air Force has a background of thirteens. It was formed as an organization on order of Lt. Gen. Millard F. Harmon, commanding general, United States Army Forces in the South Pacific Area, by Special Order No. 13, published at 1300 o'clock, (1 p.m.), on Jan. 13, 1943.

Maj. Gen. Nathan F. Twining, commanding general of the 13th Air Force, chose the 13th day after the formation of the new Air Force to make an airplane trip which ended in a forced landing at sea. The plane had 13 lifebelts in it.

Two of the men, Capt. H.G. Miller, of Campbell, Missouri, and 2nd Lt. Robert Weldy of Burlington, Pennsylvania, who had previously encountered antiaircraft fire from the Japanese, flew in a formation of 13 planes on Friday, Aug. 13, and reported no antiaircraft fire on that date.

50 YEARS AGO

September 12, 1968

Dr. Carlos K. Kemper officially joined the ranks of the medical profession of Jefferson County this week with his announcement that he had opened offices at 521 D St.

This location is on the second floor of the building facing D Street between Fifth and Sixth streets. At one time, these offices were used by the law firm of Overhulse and Rodriguez.

Dr. Kemper is a 1963 graduate of the school of medicine of the University of Kansas. He interned for a year at Good Samaritan Hospital in Portland, and after that, he was a resident physician in San Bernardino, California.

The new physician brings with him to Madras his wife and their three children, Gregory, 5; Timothy, 2; and Kathleen, 1.

25 YEARS AGO

September 9, 1993

Two softball fields are expected to be completed in the 100-acre Juniper Hills Park by June 1994, according to Dan Ahern, Jefferson County judge.

The park will also include a waking/jogging path and may include an amphitheater in years to come.

The bike path is expected to take two months to complete and will be 2 miles long. The path is budgeted between $50,000 and $75,000.

The land was donated by the Bean Foundation for the park site.

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