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Oregon men 'physically cleanest,' in entire U.S. Army in 1919, according to Hygiene Society.

MADRAS PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back over the past 100 years of newspaper archives.100 YEARS AGO

January 16, 1919

Oregon men, called to the colors during the greatest of all wars, were physically the cleanest in the entire United States Army.

Such is not the mere boast of any citizen of this state, backed only by a high sense of local pride, but it is the established record of the United States Army, communicated to the Oregon Social Hygiene Society by Rupert Blue, surgeon-general, thus giving it the greatest possible weight.

As will be seen by perusal of the foregoing telegram from Surgeon-General Blue, a tabulation of 1,000,000 of the first reports received from camp surgeons places Oregon in the lead with a rate of 59 hundredths of 1 percent (which means less than six men to the thousand), or, compared with another wire from him, this state's standing is but a fraction lower than 18 times ahead of the state with the highest percent of infection, which was eight and nine-tenths percent (89 men to the thousand).

This constitutes one of the grandest and proudest records of the whole war period and great as has been this state's part in all patriotic endeavors, nothing could fill the hearts of its people with a higher degree of pride than the official acknowledgement from the National Capital that Oregon's men stood far and away above all others in clean manhood.

"That the work of the Oregon Social Hygiene Society, carried forward for but seven years, should produce such magnificent results, is a subject of the most gratifying kind to the entire board," said Executive Secretary Cummins. "Every one of the men who have worked so hard to bring about the result regard this official notification from the surgeon general as a complete vindication of the program sought to be carried forward in this state. That the public will respond to sane, clear facts, rightly presented, is also demonstrated beyond doubt. Educators, who have assisted greatly in the work, may well feel that young men under their tutelage will absorb the benefit to be derived from information along physiological lines, rightly administered. Parents must now see plainly that their children should have the truth as to their physical beings and that, having this, untold good will result."

"Future generations, following, are bound to demonstrate the benefits of Oregon's clean manhood, as set forth officially," commented A.F. Flegel, president of the society. "This record cannot be overestimated. It is a glorious achievement."

"The full significance of the official announcement from Dr. Blue is difficult to grasp," said Adolphe Wolfe, treasurer of the society. "Dealing as it does with human life and morals, it is, in a larger sense, more important than many other achievements, not to detract one whit from any of them. At the outset, many good people doubted the ability of the Oregon Social Hygiene Society to accomplish worth-while results. I think now, however, no further comment need be had. Surgeon-General Blue's telegram is sufficient."

75 YEARS AGO

January 13, 1944

Doubt whether selective service boards can supply enough manpower to push the North Unit irrigation project to rapid completion was expressed here today at the office of Reclamation. By a recent order, a camp of Mennonites, which has been working on the Wickiup reservation, was replaced by conscientious objectors not cared for by any church sect.

To date, only 14 "conchies" have arrived from all sections of the country, it was stated, and with the prospect that only 25 more will be here by mid-January. It was estimated that 75 men may be on the job by February, with a possible peak of 150 by spring.

At least 400 men will be needed to rush the big waterway to scheduled completion by 1945, reclamation officials stated.

Accordingly, the local office again pressed its demands on the war manpower commission to lift a restriction limiting free labor to 10 men. Communications were revived with the Portland office of the commission in the hope that manpower representative there would certify a larger group.

At present, there are only 25 men working on the big canal, stretching into Jefferson County, with progress being slow owing to lack of workers, bureau officials said. Other restrictions which were imposed and brought construction to a veritable standstill, have been lifted, leaving the question of manpower the only "bottleneck" it was stated.

Work accomplished by the Mennonites at Wickiup was roundly praised by engineer Spencer, who regretted leaving the project. He said that only four members of the religious sect would remain on the North Unit project.

50 YEARS AGO

January 16, 1969

Ace Demers places hand on the base of one of his "Super Tips" which he and three other men are producing at the Madras airport using production line methods. "Madras Air Service Super Tips" is the official name and Demers is hopeful of much success in marketing the aerodynamic specialty item.

Probably the quickest way to explain how a new Madras produced product works is to pretend you are an airplane. Go ahead, stick your arms straight out both sides. Now let your hands dangle loose from the wrist and kind of tuck them back toward the fuselage, that is, body. If you could fly, that aerodynamic curl at your imagined wing tips is a representative of what Ace Demers and company are producing in fiberglass for real airplanes.

The product, which is being produced in its formative stages in the unglorious, but safe and efficient confines of an old school bus, is called "Madras Air Service Super Tips" and as Demers explains, it has "unlimited marketing potential" and in fact, is selling so fast that he presently is having trouble keeping up with orders.

The serious business of manufacturing the Tips, which have full government approval and certification, began in December. Actually, Super Tip production goes hand-in-hand with the production of another aerodynamic specialty item, Demer's own variety of Trip Tabs which are selling just as vigorously as the Tips and have, according to his estimates, just as wide a market potential.

Demers claims that in flat, level cruising, a 7 to 9 percent better speed can be obtained with the addition of his Super Tips; a 20 percent increase in climbing ability can be expected; and stability he claims is improved at least 50 percent. Super Tips, Demers says can reduce take-off role 30 percent, stall speed 25 percent, and he estimates, though it is admittedly hard to gauge, pilot fatigue by 50 percent.

25 YEARS AGO

January 13, 1994

With the 1993 agricultural year over, the Jefferson County Extension Service recently reflected on the highs and lows for farmers last year.

"There has only been one year with higher farm sales than we have now. This is a very good year," said Extension Agent Clint Jacks.

In 1993, Jacks said farmers enjoyed the availability of water, good prices and yields and livestock prices that held well.

This was especially good news for farmers who had experienced a year of drought in 1992.

On the 59,000 acres in the project covered by the OSU Extension service, total crop sales amounted to $36,572,000, while total livestock sales amounted to $50,273,000. By comparison, 1991 agriculture totals were $39,748,000 and 1992 totals were $44,890,000.

The major crops grown in Jefferson County included wheat, barley, alfalfa, hay, grass, bentgrass, bluegrass, potatoes, peppermint, garlic and vegetable and flower seeds.

Top money-making crops were onions, which had a return of $4,225 and $3,804 per acre; parsley with $3,200 per acre; carrots with $3,164 per acre and garlic with a $2,300 per acre return.

"1993 was a fairly good year. We were facing a whole lot of decisions in the late winter, so individual producers couldn't do a whole lot of preplanning. We realized at that time we had the water," Jacks noted.

Mint took a hard hit last year. At first, growers were relieved to learn they would be getting water for the crop, but the spring was so rainy and cool that the mint didn't grow well, Jacks said.

Mint sales dropped $3.75 million, from $8,258,000 in 1992 to $4,505,000 in 1993.

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