100 YEARS AGO
October 23, 1919
The first airplane to touch the sandy soil of Jefferson County startled the natives last Saturday morning by circling gracefully over our little city about 10 o'clock and, after looking the situation over carefully from about a thousand feet above us, nosed gently down and made an excellent "three point" in the Fred Missell field just east of Madras.
Howard Turner, as usual on the job, got his car out first. Roush, Doc Haile, McKinley Kane, your Uncle Dudley and about 20 others managed to connect with him as he headed east and were the first to reach the scene. It proved to be Maj. A.D. Smith and his mechanician, Sgt. R.P. Blanton, in a 420-horse power DeHaviland, who had landed to take on oil and gas for the last leg of their hop from Cody, Wyoming, to Eugene.
At the time they landed, they were two hours and 20 minutes out of Boise, Idaho, flying time, having flown that morning from Jameson. As the gentlemen were in a hurry to get to Eugene for dinner, the local people cooperated in securing them fuel and they took off from Madras at 11:20.
The plane had been used during the summer and fall in the forest patrol work, flying from Salem, Eugene and Medford. Following that work, the major and his assistant have spent the past 10 days on a trip through Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, and the Northwest.
During the trip, they have landed a number of times in towns where they were the first plane to touch, as they were here. From miles around, people who had seen the plane fly in drove to Madras to see it and many of them saw for the first time the Liberty Plane. The plane was propelled by a 420 horse-power Liberty engine, built by the Ford Motor Co. It was of a type known as the DeHaviland-4 and is the plane which was generally termed a "flying coffin" by the American Expeditionary Forces.
It is a difficult plane to fly and it was a neat piece of work landing in the stubble of the Missile Field. By the time the plane was filled with fuel and ready to go, about everyone in the surrounding country was an interested spectator at the takeoff. As it takes two to three men to start the large propeller, the aviators were assisted in starting by a local ex-air servicer.
After the locals finished digging the dust out of their eyes they saw the big day bomber rushing for the south side of Mount Jefferson along the rim of the Deschutes, rapidly gaining altitude at the gentle rate of about 130 miles per hour.
75 YEARS AGO
October 26, 1944
Though peanuts are classed and sold as nuts, they really are nothing more or less than legume seeds like peas and beans. Whether true nuts or not, however, they have always been popular in America from the time of their use by early American Indians down to the present football fan who munches salted peanuts at the game.
Though usually regarded as a snack to be eaten between meals, peanuts are really a substantial food. They contain chiefly protein and fat, with a protein content of 30-34% and a fat content of 40-50%. This makes them a good "fuel" food.
Peanut butter is more easily digested than whole peanuts. Only when finely chewed or ground are the whole peanuts easily penetrated by digestive juices.
Because of their high fat content, peanuts should be combined with foods low in fat if many are to be eaten. They can be used in pleasing recipes in scalloped dishes, loafs, croquettes, cookies, cakes, biscuits, and rolls. When they are added to a recipe not calling for peanuts, less fat is requires than otherwise.
For sandwiches, peanut butter may be added to chopped carrot, shredded cabbage, diced onion, raisins, dates or prunes. If a sweeter sandwich is desired, peanut butter may be blended with jellies, jams, or honey. It is also delicious when mixed with tomato catsup, chili sauce, salad dressing, or chopped pickle.
50 YEARS AGO
October 23, 2019
Binfords and Mort have just published a book by Emory Strong, "Stone Age in the Great Basin," an absolutely fascinating account of primitive man in the vast area which pioneers called the Great American Desert.
The area includes 90 desert valleys of the Great Basin covering an area of 210,000 square miles. The area extends from Fort Rock and Burns in Oregon to almost Yuma, Arizona, and includes most of the state of Nevada, large sections of Oregon, California and Utah.
"The desert culture might be defined as gastronomic; the orientation toward food gathering was specific, and starvation was an ever-present menace. Upon the desert, man was a total parasite; he reaped, but he did not sow," writes Strong. "Mobility meant but few possessions and those were of the most essential nature ... The normal method of depicting population density is by the number of persons per square mile — for the Basin is was by square miles per person."
He gives his opening description of the primitive inhabitants of the region through the chronicles of the early "White Invaders."
Another chapter deals with "Caves — Windows of the Past." Caves offer ideal conditions for the preservation of artifacts, he notes. "Unfortunately, caves also have a fascination for the amateur collector and they are being searched out and plundered of their contents at an alarming rate. Looting a cave can be considered in no other category than vandalism, for the contents, like all cultural heritages, belong to the public and not to the individual alone." A section deals with Oregon's famed Fort Rock Cave.
He discusses the various artifacts made of stone, the projectile points, the knives, scrapers, drill and crescents. A section on weapons deals with the atlatl, the bow, the spear and the sling.
The book is well-illustrated by photographs, charts and drawings. Strong's wife, Ruth, contributed a valuable section on some of the native plants used in the desert culture.
Dr. L.S. Cressman, in his forward, writes, "I am sure the author will find that there will be those who will disagree with some of his interpretations and explanations. If everyone agreed with an author, he would not have written a good book. Mr. Strong has written a good book."
25 YEARS AGO
October 26, 1994
Aware kids and an alert bus driver came to the rescue of an 11-year-old Warm Springs student when she began choking on a piece of hard candy while on the bus Sept. 30.
The incident began when the girl boarded the school bus to ride home. She had just been given a piece of candy by a teacher as a reward and popped it in her mouth.
"Somebody told a joke and I started to laugh, but then choked. I tried to pat myself on the back but it didn't work so I went to Steven," the girl stated.
Bus driver Doris McLean noticed something was amiss when she saw Steven hitting the girl on the back. When that didn't work, Steven alerted Doris for help. McLean tried the Heimlich maneuver nine times before the tiny piece of candy dislodged.
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