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Local woman visiting daughter in Hawaii in 1919 is shaken by earthquake at volcano.

MADRAS PIONEER LOGO - The Madras Pioneer looks back over the past 100 years of newspaper archives.100 YEARS AGO

October 23, 1919

Mrs. H.C. Topping of Culver, who has been visiting for several weeks with her daughter at Hilo, Hawaii, writes to her husband that neither she nor any of her daughter's family were in any way hurt in the earthquake which heavily shook the island during the latter part of last month.

She writes that the people generally were merely startled by the suddenness of its coming but displayed no great terror while it was taking place.

A portion of an article from the Hilo Daily Tribune, which she enclosed, is interesting:

The earthquake came at 5:22 Sunday afternoon at the volcano. The seismographic instruments at the observatory recorded it up to the peak and then flew the track, so that it was impossible to obtain a complete record.

The action of the instruments shows the severity of the shock which Professor Jagger says was harder than the one of last November which startled so many Hilo inhabitants and did damage all around the island.

Early diners in restaurants, pedestrians on the streets, stay-at-homes and travelers all felt the quake Sunday. At the Hawaii Bakery, a number of gobs were enjoying their meal when the shaking began. Nearly all of them rushed for the door but returned to their seats before actually forsaking their food in favor of the middle of the avenue.

People sitting in parks felt the benches under them sway, and some of the lumber piles along Kamehamha Avenue fell with a crash. Bottles went down from the shelves in the drug stores, and a plate glass window was broken in the Hilo Drug Co. Clocks stopped all over the city, doors opened and shut in uncanny fashion, and dishes fell from cupboards and broke in a number of homes.

No water tanks were wrecked at Waiakea, though many of the homesteaders were afraid of such a mishap. The quake was felt all over the Island, from Kohala on the north to Puna on the south. At Puna, the shock was not sharp, but strong and long of duration, and the movement seemed to have a corkscrew twist at intervals. Faint shocks could be felt a minute and a half after the first quake.

A number of stone walls fell in Kohala, which suffered the same sort of damage from the November earthquake. Minor damage was done in all districts of the island, but no serious mishaps occurred according to reports obtained yesterday.

75 YEARS AGO

November 2, 1944

A committee of local educators met at the Madras High School last Friday to witness one of Madam Dore's French classes.

Mrs. Lillian Watts, county school superintendent, first picked out at random a passage from a book used last year by the Army specialized program during the last three months of their training, consequently a difficult book. The passage was written on the black board. The class read it with what was judged perfect pronunciation and intonation.

After that, another person on the committee picked out a song, unknown by the pupils from a book recently put in the hands of the students. It was read at sight, then sung with as much ease as if it had been English.

In a word, the students of the Madras High School, using Madam Dore's new technique, have accomplished in French within six weeks what is not always achieved by graduating students in universities.

H.B. Stephens, principal of the school, addressed the committee before the class started and explained that the pupils had had no drilling and no assignments outside of the class. On the contrary, the class had been disturbed by potato picking, Teachers Institute, and other things which makes only about a month of real work.

The idea of this method came to Madam Dore when she first came to this country as a student and hated the way she was taught Spanish. When she went back to France, she conducted an inquiry in teaching methods all over the world through the International Bureau of Education and studied all she possibly could get of psychology, while teaching from college down to kindergarten.

Thus, she feels she has come to understand perfectly how human beings get, first their own mother tongue, then other languages. She claims as her special master in psychology, especially in the psychology of memory — of all importance in languages — the great philosopher: Henri Bergson.

Madam Dore, who is assistant professor at the University of Idaho, on leave of absence, wanted to come to a high school to perfect her method, for she needed students who had never studied languages and, if possible, a school where no languages had been taught before. Madam Dore thinks it will take two years to complete her experiment.

50 YEARS AGO

October 30, 1969

A Warm Springs man died instantly Sunday when the 1950 sedan he was driving down the Warm Springs grade on Highway 26 left the road and plunged 318 feet down the embankment, rolling several times, Oregon State Police reported. The car left the highway near milepost 109, about half way down the grade. The man was alone in the vehicle.

25 YEARS AGO

November 2, 1994

The use of a whipman is just one discipline that Indian tribes have used for thousands of years, and Louie Pitt says the whipman is not as harsh as some of the others.

"We have a bevy of traditional actions," said Pitt, the director of governmental affairs for the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs.

The tribal community can, for instance, socially turn their noses up at a person, which is what happened to Pitt several years ago.

"I had an opinion about natural resources that was not popular," said Pitt, 46."And at tribe meetings it was like I wasn't there. I felt like I was lost."

The ostracism lasted a long time, and getting whipped five times by a whipman — the discipline meted out to a young tribal member several weeks ago, an incident that generated statewide and even national media attention — can seem mild in comparison.

"(The whipping) hurts, but it goes away," Pitt says. "It has more to do with pride."

The tribal court at Warm Springs was the subject of several news stories recently when a tribal judge ordered a juvenile tribal member to be whipped five times with a belt.

In mid-September, the 17-year-old received the whipping while she was fully clothed, in the presence of her family members. The girl had reportedly been in trouble repeatedly with tribal police.

The whipping incident, which upset the girl's mother, was reported in the Oct. 14 edition of Spilyay Tymoo, the tribes' bi-weekly newspaper.

The story was then carried in The Oregonian, and on the front page of two recent editions of the Bend Bulletin.

The tribes received phone calls from several newspapers in the Northwest about the matter, and even from a national morning television show, a tribal spokesman said.

Pitt says the whipman incident, when looked at out of context, can give a wrong impression of how the tribes' justice system works.

"I don't want it to be conveyed as this cold, cruel government," Pitt said. "Most of the time we're trying to protect them (the young tribe members) from themselves."

"This is not something we just started," he added. "The design of the whipman system thousands of years ago was to have an objective person do the spanking."

"I'm 46, and when I was growing up we knew the whipman was always there, and we lived our lives accordingly."

The use of traditional discipline for tribe members who get into trouble could be more successful than the conventional ones of the white justice system, Pitt said.

"If we can try things more connected to our people's Indian-ness, and who we are, maybe it will work better," Pitt said.


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