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Pacific Wool Growers outlines ways wool growers can be most profitable in 1946

100 YEARS AGO

April 21, 1921

While driving down the Tellefson grade one day the first of last week with four horses attached to a header box John Young met up with a mishap that only luck prevented from being a very serious accident. Near the top of the grade the horses became excited and started to run. Looking ahead down the grade John saw Jim Watts, piloting a Ford, coming up. He maneuvered his outfit to the outside edge of the grade and managed to get past Jim without mishap, but just as he past the auto, a line broke. Realizing that he had no chance the not regain control of the team, John prepared to unload, over the uphill side. This he was unable to do for the wagon was sliding over the bank, only being held on by the speed. In past years in high school athletics John has performed some very creditable stunts in jumping but this time his effort was nothing less than prodigious, and it probably saved his life. He jumped the lower side as the wagon turned over, but he jumped so far and kept rolling so fast that the wagon and box never did catch up to him. He lit on his right arm and head. John claims he has some head, for the only thing hurt was his arm, which is very badly sprained.

75 YEARS AGO

April 18, 1946

"The new 1946 government wool purchase program makes it profitable for wool growers to handle their clips carefully at shearing time and prepare them in the best manner possible. It is dollars and cents in their pockets," says R.A. Ward, general manager of Pacific Wool Growers. The Commodity Credit Corporation buys all wools on grade and at different prices for each grade. All wools except strictly fine Delaine and Rambouillet are required to be graded before the government purchases them. Growers who produce choice wools of the higher priced grades receive the higher prices to which they are entitled and which the government intends they should have. In 1946, the government will pay growers from $1.21 per clean scoured pound for the highest priced grade down to 85 cents per clean scoured pound for the lowest grades.

For tags, locks and foreign material in his wool, there will be a substantial discount in the price the government pays him. U.S. Commodity Credit corporation regulations instruct appraisers to discount wools containing tags and offs as much as three percent per grease pound. On wool appraised at 45 cents, this would be a direct loss to the grower of 1.35 cents per pound that he could have saved himself by properly preparing the wool at shearing time. These tags, which are frequently sheep manure matted with wool, always stain the surrounding clean wool with which they come in contact. The government may dock or discount, stained wools up to 10 cents a pound, according to official regulations. The presence of tags, offs and foreign matter also increases the shrinkage of the wool materially. Each one percent of increase in shrinkage costs the grower one cent per pound on wools appraised at $1 per clean pound. "The grower can avoid these losses," Ward says, "by following, insofar as practicable, these simple rules:"

Keep the fleeces clean. Keep the shearing floor swept and all straw and manure out of contact with the fleeces. Use only paper fleece twine. Fleeces tied with sisal or binder twine will be discounted by the government 10 cents per pound, clean basis. Roll and tie the fleece carefully, with the flesh side out. This shows the wool at its best and may result in a higher price appraisal.

Bag all tags, locks, crutchings, and sweepings in separate bags. Never place a layer of tags in the bags of wool as, unfortunately, has been a customer in some sections. Dead wool also should be packed separately.

Don't pack black wool with white wool. Black wool is worth only two-thirds of the price of white wool; if placed with white wool, the black fibers become mixed with the white fibers, causing further discounts.

Never bag wet wool. Wet wool heats, molds, and sometimes burns, as well as stains and weakens the fibers. Sheep should be shorn as dry as possible and wet fleeces should be dried before packing them.

50 YEARS AGO

April 22, 1971

The long and complicated task of converting the Madras Pioneer's printing equipment from letterpress (cast lead) to photo offset came to an end this week with the final installation of a new Goss three-unit offset press.

Installation of the new press plant is a joint venture of the Madras Pioneer and its sister newspaper, the Prineville Central Oregonian. The press is located in the Central Oregonian building and through a cooperative agreement the Pioneer will now be printed there.

The Pioneer has been printed in the Bend Bulletin plant for the past several years.

The new high-speed press has a capacity for printing 12 newspaper size pages at a time and is capable of top-quality color reproduction. It replaces the flatbed hot metal press that was in use in the Pioneer for many years.

During the period following the newspapers' initial conversion to offset and up until this week, the newspaper has been printed in the Bend Bulletin's modern press plant.

During the conversion most of the old letterpress equipment, which cast raised letter type from molten lead, went out the door. It was replaced with high-speed, computer operated typesetting equipment which increases efficiency and improves the appearance of the final product, the newspaper.

The new offset press has a capacity to print more pages at a time at a faster speed than did the Pioneer's press it finally replaced. The old flatbed press, which was the mainstay of most small newspapers across the nation for many years, could only print four pages at a time and took about two hours to print one section of the Pioneer's run. It was not capable of printing more than one color … black.

The new press can run up to 12 pages at a time and will print one section of the press run in about 15 or 20 minutes. It is also capable of printing up to four different colors at the same time.

25 YEARS AGO

April 24, 1996

Preliminary plans to permanently close Box Canyon Landfill, and build a garbage transfer station, at an estimated cost of $3.5 million, were presented to Jefferson County Commission April 17.

Instead of going to voters with a bond levy, the landfill project could be financed with revenue bonds, in which the construction bonds are repaid through fees from dump users.

Since scales were put in and the landfill began charging customers a minimal fee in March 1994, enough money has been generated to nearly repay the county general funds and road department fund for the weigh station construction, according to Director of Public Works Richard Black.

The county cannot afford to keep the landfill of its own up to Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) standards, and the other option is to shut down our dump and haul all the garbage to a DEQ approved regional landfill, such as the one at Arlington. One estimate put the hauling cost at $86 per ton of garbage.

"We could put the service out to bid to commercial haulers, who would be hauling to landfills north of here, either in Washington or Oregon," Black indicated.


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