100 YEARS AGO
August 25, 1921
Gold bullion, which is considerably different from clam bullion, was at one time, a ready medium of exchange throughout this territory. That was in the days when Ashwood was the largest city in what is now Jefferson County. It had a Main Street as long as is the main street of Madras now and its streets were thronged with miners of the type you read about. One only has to look at the prospect holes in the vicinity of Ashwood to appreciate the extent of the activity which existed there in the gold boom days. Ashwood maintained large stores, had a good newspaper, several good hotels, and numerous saloons. But it has been a good-many-years since that time and there has been little business done with gold dust.
A short time ago, S. Rodriguez, manager of the Standard Oil station at Madras stepped into the Madras State Bank and taking a poke bag out of his pocket asked to have the bag of dust converted into cash. The process now is very different from the one used in this sort of transaction several years ago.
In the early days the cashier would have got out his little scales and weighed the dust, paying the owner in cash at the figured rate of variance. But Cashier Lambert observed the modern way and sent the dust to the Federal Reserve Bank in San Francisco. In turn the Federal Reserve Bank gave it to the United States, mint, where it was weighed and melted into a small gold pig. Mr. Rodriguez had 18.14 ounces, troy, before melting and 13.90 after the process. The grade of dust was known as Amalgram. It showed sixty-one cents per ounce of silver in addition to the gold. The net value of the small bag of metal dust was $229.16. The charge of the mint for handling the dust was $1.60. The dust was taken from the samples of ore which a brother of Mrs. Rodriguez, who is a miner, had collected from various places and had left with Mr. Rodriguez.
75 YEARS AGO
August 29, 1946
Newcomers lately have sought origin of the name of Culver, now center of irrigation activity in Jefferson County. Information on this point has been supplied by W.C. Osborn, chairman of the Deschutes Valley Water District, who has turned over to the Pioneer for publication the following editorial clipped from the Bend Bulletin:
"The recent death in Portland of O.G. Collver, for nearly 40 years postmaster of Culver, most southerly town in Jefferson County, will serve to revive among old timers of Central Oregon memories of other years and of the historical fight of several towns to be designated as the county seat of Jefferson when that county was created on December 12, 1914.
"But long before the creation of Jefferson County, Culver had a history. Like Antelope, another pioneer town of Central Oregon, Culver did not stay put, when it was assigned a place on the postal map of the United States. On October 31, 1900, Old Culver was on the pioneer stage road leading into Central Oregon from Shaniko. When the railroad penetrated the Upper Deschutes country in 1910 and 1911, the original site of Culver was abandoned, and the new Culver came into existence on the route of The Dalles-California highway and near the Oregon Trunk line.
"Regardless in the differences in spelling, Culver was named after its first postmaster, O.G. Collver, states Lewis A. McArthur's 'Oregon Geographic Names.'
"In the latter part of 1900 at a dinner party of old settlers living in the Haystack country, O.G. Collver was requested to make application for a post office and to act as first postmaster. A number of names of old settlers were submitted to the department, and Culver was adopted, this being in the ancestral name of Mr. Collver. Mr. Collver who came to Central Oregon in 1877, was named postmaster of Culver on October 31, 1900."
50 YEARS AGO
August 26, 1971
"What is an East Coast emergency is a West Coast catastrophe," Senator Robert W. Packwood told those assembled for a Chamber of Commerce luncheon Friday.
Packwood was referring to the West Coast Longshoreman's strike and the heavy toll it is taking on western agriculture.
He said the President has not shown any inclination so far to invoke the Taft Hartley Act which could force striking dock workers back to work for a period of 80 days.
In the meantime, farmers are forced to dump tons of wheat and other grains onto the ground as commercial storage facilities fill to capacity.
Jim Burr, Jefferson County Extension Agent, said there is a slight chance local growers will be able to put all the grain they harvest under cover. He predicts the county's total wheat production this year to approach one million bushels, the equivalent of 30,000 tons.
Storage facilities at Interior Grain Elevator Company, Pacific Supply Cooperative, and Round Butte Seed Growers Inc. will be able to handle a total of approximately 15,800 tons. Spokesman for Pacific Supply and Round Butte expected to be out of wheat storage room by the beginning of the week. Interior manager Kenneth Bruce Tuesday said room is still available at facilities in Madras and at The Dalles.
The unknown factor is the amount that can be stored in on-farm facilities. Burr reported some growers preparing potato cellars for wheat storage.
Gene King, Chairman of the Jefferson County Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation (ASC) Committee, said distress grain loans are available to farmers in Jefferson County who face a shortage of available storage.
"Jefferson County has a large number of on-farm storage facilities, however, if the storage situation remains the same, there will be some grain stored in temporary storage and possibly some stored on the ground," King said.
25 YEARS AGO
August 28, 1996
The state corrections department has shown interest in siting a prison on property located about two miles south of Madras.
The land is located southeast of the intersection of South Adams Drive and Dover Lane, near Highway 26.
The state has conducted a soil test of the property and done other work preliminary to possibly buying it.
The state is still just studying the idea of locating a prison at the site. "We've identified five possible sites," said ZaDean Auyer, facilities siting coordinator with the corrections department.
"The Dover Lane site does the best job meeting the criteria. At this point we're qualifying sites, and (the Dover Lane site) is well along in qualifying."
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