Are your children gazing at computer screens right now? How much time do they spend staring at their cell phones and tablets? Is it safe for them to do that for hours?
Those are some of the questions lawmakers considered in early April during hearings on two bills that could require digital product manufacturers to warn users about the possible dangers of prolonged use, and require school districts to look into whether hours of computer time is safe for young students. Senate Bill 281, which requires makers of digital products to include warning health-risk labels, was heard Thursday by the Senate Committee on Environment and Natural Resources.
Senate Bill 282, which calls for a state study to set safety recommendations for students' use of technology in schools, was heard March 27 by the Senate Committee on Education.
Deb Mayer of Portland is the driving force behind both bills. Mayer, part of the Oregon chapter of Parents Across America, asked state Sen. Laurie Monnes Anderson, a Gresham Democrat, to introduce the legislation. Last week's hearings were the first time both bills have been discussed in committees since they were introduced in mid-January.
Mayer said the legislation is meant to trigger a discussion on the larger issue of whether it's safe for children to spend a lot of time in school and a home staring at computer screens. She points to dozens of studies showing the dangers of prolonged exposure to wi-fi signals and electronic waves produced by tablets, cell phones and computers. Many Oregon schools use tablets and computers in classroom lessons, which, when combined with hours of the same use at home, could be unsafe for children, she said.
"I work with a lot of other people across the country who are worried about how much curriculum is delivered over screens," Mayer said. "There's no testing about how safe it is."
Oregon's chapter of Parents Across America has about four dozen members, with a dozen or so who regularly meet to discuss legislation and other action, said Mayer, a retired educator. A group GoFundMe page hopes to raise about $2,000 to push for the bills› passage.
Although industry studies have for years downplayed dangers of prolonged computer use, Mayer is unconvinced: "We have to inform people that our environment can be toxic if we allow it to be."
Protecting health and future
Senate Bill 281's labeling requirement is similar to what the digital product industry does now by including a health-risk warning in operating manuals and some packaging, Mayer said. The bill forces companies to put warnings prominently on phones, tablets or computer screens.
Under SB 282, Oregon's Department of Education and the Oregon Health Authority would be required to study health risks and set guidelines for safe computer use in schools. There are about 581,000 students in 197 Oregon school districts. Each district is required to have policies on use of personal electronic devices in schools. SB 282 would add health-based guidelines for classroom computer use to those policies.
Mayer said the legislation's intent is not to exclude computers and tablets from classrooms.
"We are not against the use of computer technology," she said. "We are for the use of safe, sensible, responsible use of technology."
Similar legislation has sputtered in past sessions, but Mayer said she is hopeful it could be adopted this year.
"It is my belief that Oregonians will care enough about protecting our children and the environment that they will demand legislators pass these bills," she said. "Unlike many bills that declare an emergency, these bills actually do. It is crucial that these laws take effect right away to protect the health and futures of our children and ourselves."
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