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A classic culinary flower, lavender pairs nicely with ice cream, cookies and tastes lovely in ice cubes.

OSU EXTENSION SERVICE - Your garden checklist for FebruaryOSU Extension each month provides reminders of key garden chores, such as fertilizing, pest control, planting, and maintenance. Recommendations in this calendar are not necessarily applicable to all areas of Oregon. For more information, contact your local Extension office.

Planning

Tune up lawn mower and garden equipment before the busy season begins.

Have soil tested to determine its nutrient needs. For more information, contact your local Extension office for a list of testing.

Select and store healthy scion wood for grafting fruit and nut trees. Wrap in damp cloth or peat moss and place in plastic bag. Store in cool place.

Plan an herb bed for cooking and creating an interesting landscape. For example, choose parsley, sage, chives, and lavender. Choose a sunny spot and plant seeds or transplants once the danger of frost has passed (late-April or early-May in the Willamette Valley).

Plan to add herbaceous perennial flowers to your flowering landscape this spring. Try some drought-tolerant perennials to save money.

Maintenance and Clean Up

Repair winter damage to trees and shrubs.

Make a cold frame or hotbed to start early vegetables or flowers.

Fertilize rhubarb with manure or a complete fertilizer.

Incorporate cover crops or other organic matter into soil.

Prune and train grapes; make cuttings.

Prune fruit trees and blueberries.

Prune deciduous summer-blooming shrubs and trees; wait until April in high elevations of Eastern and Central Oregon.

Prune and train trailing blackberries (if not done the prior August); prune back raspberries.

Prune fall-bearing raspberries (in late-February or early-March).

Prune clematis, Virginia creeper, and other vining ornamentals.

Planting/Propagation

Plant windowsill container garden of herbs like chives, cilantro and parsley.

Plan to add herbaceous perennial flowers this spring: astilbe, candytuft, peony, and anemone.

Good time to plant fruit trees and deciduous shrubs. Replace varieties of ornamental plants that are susceptible to disease with resistant cultivars.

Plant asparagus if the ground is warm enough.

Plant seed flats of cole crops (cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts), indoors or in a greenhouse.

Where soil is dry enough and workable, plant garden peas and sweet peas. Suggested varieties of garden peas include: Corvallis, Dark Green Perfection, Green Arrow, Oregon Sugar Pod, Snappy, Knight, Sugar Snap, Oregon Trail, and Oregon Sugar Pod II.

Good time to plant new roses.

Pest Monitoring and Management

Use chemical controls only when necessary and only after thoroughly reading the pesticide label. First consider cultural, then physical and biological controls. Choose the least-toxic options (insecticidal soaps, horticultural oils, botanical insecticides, and organic and synthetic pesticides — when used judiciously).

Monitor landscape plants for problems. Don't treat unless a problem is identified.

Use delayed-dormant sprays of lime sulfur for fruit and deciduous trees and shrubs.

Remove cankered limbs from fruit and nut trees for control of diseases such as apple anthracnose, bacterial canker of stone fruit and Eastern filbert blight. Sterilize tools before each new cut.

Control moles and gophers with traps.

Elm leaf beetles and box-elder bugs are emerging from hibernation and may be seen indoors. They are not harmful, but can be a nuisance. Remove them with a vacuum or broom and dustpan.

Monitor for European crane fly and treat lawns if damage has been verified.

Houseplants and Indoor Gardening

Make your own potting soil for starting seedlings in pots or flats, or use clean sterile commercial mixes.

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