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Voters have seven on Nov. 4 ballot

Secretary of State Kate Brown assigned numbers Friday to the seven measures that Oregon voters on the Nov. 4 statewide ballot — and four of them have appeared in some form before.

On the ballot will be all four initiatives for which signatures were submitted, plus two legislative referrals and a referendum on a bill passed by the Legislature.

The next steps are for panels to complete official explanations of the measures and prepare financial estimates of their effects on state and local governments.

Those statements will appear in the state voters pamphlet and online voters guide.

Two informal panels, each with 24 citizens chosen from around Oregon, will hear both sides and come up with conclusions for two of the ballot measures. This process is overseen by the Citizens Initiative Review Commission, and the panels will meet Aug. 17-20 and Aug. 21-24 in Salem.

The two ballot measures chosen for analysis are the proposed top-two primary election and a proposed requirement for labeling food with genetically modified organisms.

The panels’ statements also will appear in the pamphlet and online guide.

The list for Nov. 4:

• Measure 86: A constitutional amendment allowing the state to create a fund, using bonds or other debt, to aid students in post-secondary education. Referred by the 2013 Legislature.

• Measure 87: A constitutional amendment allowing judges to teach in state universities or serve in the Oregon National Guard. It changes a ban on state officials holding more than one paid state job; there is an exemption for school and university employees who also can be in the Legislature. Referred by the 2014 Legislature.

• Measure 88: A law creating a four-year driver's card, shorter than the usual eight years for a driver's license, for those who meet all other qualifications other than proof of legal presence in the United States. This was passed by the 2013 Legislature, but citizen opponents obtained enough signatures to refer it to voters. A "yes" vote passes it and authorizes the card; a "no" vote rejects it.

Ten other states either have similar cards or do not require proof of legal presence to obtain a license.

• Measure 89: A constitutional amendment specifically barring discrimination based on gender, a state version of the Equal Rights Amendment for women's rights once proposed for the U.S. Constitution. A version with different provisions for individual rights failed in 1994. Twenty-two states have similar ERA provisions.

• Measure 90: A law changing Oregon's primary election, which dates to 1904. Instead of registered voters within the two major political parties choosing party nominees, the measure would allow the top two finishers in an all-comers primary to advance to the general election, regardless of party affiliation. A version failed in 2008. California, Washington and Louisiana use top-two primaries.

• Measure 91: A law legalizing the recreational use of marijuana, based on regulation and taxation to be determined by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission. A version failed in 2012, when voters in Washington and Colorado approved their own legalization measures. A similar measure is up for a vote in Alaska.

• Measure 92: A law requiring the labeling of genetically engineered foods produced and sold in Oregon. A version failed in 2002; other versions failed in California in 2012 and Washington in 2013. Voters in Jackson and Josephine counties approved bans on genetically modified organisms May 20. Vermont is the only state with such a law, but it is being challenged in court.

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