Democrats float new cap-and-invest environmental plans
Proposed environmental legislation that launched a thousand logging trucks is getting a makeover in the Oregon Senate.
Negotiations among state senators have led to a new legislative concept. It's the skeleton of what could be a new system to gradually clamp down on greenhouse gas emissions from Oregon companies.
The Senate president's office is soliciting opinions and ideas from interest groups in recent days. The Oregon Capital Bureau obtained the concept, dated Dec. 11.
A previous effort to control emissions and impose significant fees collapsed in the 2019 Legislature. That proposal, which set up a market system to encourage businesses to reduce their carbon emissions and would have connected Oregon to cap-and-trade systems in Canada and California, passed in the House. But it prompted ire from Senate Republicans, who fled the Capitol to prevent a vote on the bill. They maintained the proposal would hurt their largely rural districts.
House Bill 2020 also sparked a protest from timber companies and logging truck drivers, who spent a day in June encircling the Capitol, blowing horns to exhibit their discontent. The timber industry would have been exempt from regulation under the plan, however.
But Democrats are adamant they'll get a policy through next year to address the growing threat of climate change. Sen. Michael Dembrow, D-Portland, a leading advocate for a climate policy, stressed on Dec. 13 that the concept is "extremely preliminary," and that he hopes another, updated version will become public in about a week.
"It's very much a work in progress," Dembrow said.
Industry purchasing allowances
The new proposal creates a staggered system to reduce carbon emissions. It provides most polluters with emissions allowances. The allowances would scale back over several years.
Allowances can be traded among those businesses covered by the policy so that firms who don't use all their allowances could sell the excess to those that don't have enough.
Unlike the earlier proposal, Oregon would be flying solo, rather than connecting to cap and trade programs in other places.
"The limit, broadly speaking, is on our state emissions, and it's got to come down each year gradually in order to get to where we need to be in the future," Dembrow said. "And industries or sectors that can't be below that amount will have to purchase allowances to continue to emit above that amount."
The earlier proposal would have created a new state bureaucracy to manage the program. The current concept, instead, puts the oversight role under the Department of Environmental Quality, Dembrow said.
It also takes a different approach to a major point of contention last year: its impact on prices at the gas pump. Republicans argued rural Oregonians would feel the effects of a carbon policy more acutely because of the longer distances they must drive to get to work, school and to other duties of everyday life. Fuel suppliers would have faced added costs under the original proposal that would have been passed on to consumers.
The new proposal would instead mean that companies importing gas into the state would only adhere to the emissions system in the Portland area at first, starting in 2022, and then, three years later, metro areas with populations of 30,000 or more.
"That's a big change," Dembrow said.
While the details aren't "quite there yet," he added, it's generally an idea he supports.
"I think it really does address a lot of the concerns that we heard that the bill would put inordinate costs on our rural residents," Dembrow said, "So delaying the implementation for the most rural parts of the state is an acknowledgement that we're trying to address those concerns."
Shifts in the economy?
Dembrow said the current concept doesn't include what he feels are important aspects of last year's proposal, such as worker retraining for those who could be impacted by economic changes wrought by a new climate policy.
The Oregon AFL-CIO, a federation of unions representing about 300,000 Oregon workers, issued a Dec. 13 rejoinder to the draft. Graham Trainer, Oregon AFL-CIO president, said the draft doesn't help workers whose industries could be affected by a climate policy and doesn't direct proceeds from the policy to creating "family wage, quality jobs."
"We have always believed that workers must be at the center of policy when debating how their work could be impacted, and especially in a cap-and-invest program that has the potential to produce major shifts in Oregon's economy," Trainor said in a Dec. 13 statement. "Any climate action that leaves behind workers and communities disproportionately impacted by the effects of climate change is a policy and a process that should be rejected,"
State Sen. Fred Girod, R-Stayton, considered to be a point person for Senate Republicans as they negotiate a new climate policy, couldn't be reached for comment Friday afternoon.
Sen. Cliff Bentz, R-Ontario, who is resigning in early January to run for Congress, has taken a step back from his previously front-and-center role in carbon policy for Republicans, and said when reached Friday that he hadn't seen the latest proposal.
Senate Republican Leader Herman Baertschiger Jr. of Grants Pass said he hasn't been involved in the discussions over the policy, and said he hadn't gotten very far into reading the 60-page proposal. But he said that it was "madness" to consider sweeping climate legislation during the five-week legislative session. The session starts Feb. 3.
"We think that trying to run these huge policies that'll affect every Oregonian in five weeks is craziness," Baertschiger said.
Brad Reed, a spokesman for Renew Oregon, a coalition of businesses and nonprofits pushing for state policy to address climate change, emphasized the concept is an early "starting point." But Reed said the concept is missing "key components" that the group pushed for last session, and doesn't go far enough to make all major polluters pay or invest in moving the state to a clean energy economy.
"I want to stress that we consider this as where they will start negotiating," Reed said. "This is not a piece of legislation that the Renew Oregon coalition would be able to support."
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