State education system reeling from outbreak challenges
With schools closed through April 28, and colleges and universities told to move online to teach, educators and students across Oregon are facing a mass disruption in learning the state has never seen.
Gov. Kate Brown has imposed some of the nation's strictest social distancing measures in an effort to slow the spread of novel coronavirus. But how different industries and state programs respond, such as Oregon's education system, is yet to be fully realized.
The State Board of Education is soon expected to consider adjusting the requirements for class time that local school systems must meet to keep their state funding. School districts must offer more than 256 days at least 900 hours of instruction for K-8 students, 990 hours for grades 9-11, and 966 hours for high school seniors.
State and federal waivers would allow the state's 197 school districts more latitude in moving toward offering online learning and virtual teaching as more than 580,000 Oregon students are kept out of their physical classrooms for at least the next five and a half weeks.
"This is a civil rights issue. There are a variety of things that districts need to think about how they're going to address those issues."
Colt Gill, deputy state superintendent and director of the state Department of Education, said during the March 19 Board of Education meeting that state's priority is amending graduation requirements for current high school seniors.
Jim Green, president of the Oregon School Boards Association, said the waiver on instructional hours was the biggest question for school leaders, along with ensuring that any approach to online learning provides all Oregon students the same options. The problem with online learning is that not every Oregon home has internet access and homeless students in particular would be disadvantaged if online learning proceeds. There are also barriers around providing options to non-English speaking students.
"This is a civil rights issue," Green said. "There are a variety of things that districts need to think about how they're going to address those issues."
Green said that Oregon's school districts were generating somewhere in the neighborhood of 200 to 300 questions each day for his organization. The association is triaging requests and questions on a number of topics as state education leaders continue releasing new information and directives to school officials.
One of the few heartening messages, Green said, is that funding for schools won't be pared. "I think one of the things that the governor in talking with all of us made very clear and her executive order is state school fund dollars will flow to school districts as if schools were operating," Green said. "As a matter of fact, we're telling our school district members, pay your staff as if they're working."
According to Marc Siegel, Education Department spokesman, charter schools also face the same terms of closures. All Oregon charter schools — 132 schools serving more than 30,000 students — are subject to the governor's executive orders, and most charter schools operating from a physical location where students attend, such as a school building or school campus, are shut down, but virtual schooling continues in some cases. The number of charter schools continuing with virtual learning wasn't immediately available.
"A number of charter schools are currently operating as full virtual schools. Some were previously operating as virtual schools and adjusted their program to be 100 percent virtual," Siegel said. "And some brick-and-mortar charter schools have flipped their program to meet the standards for virtual education."
Impacts of social distancing measures including bans on gatherings of 25 or more and restricting food service at bars, restaurants and other establishments to takeout and delivery are threatening many businesses and workers throughout Oregon. Some of the state's top business minds are exploring solutions to help workers and employers who've been hit hard by the economic erosion caused by the spread of coronavirus and measures to stop it, but the Oregon Education Association, the state's teachers union, is also asking leaders to help teachers and other staff who might be facing financial ruin as well.
"During these uncertain times, OEA is focused on advocating for the health and well-being of all of Oregon's students and educators," said John Larson, association president. "That includes ensuring no student is left behind as some districts transition to distance learning programs and urging elected leaders to pass strong financial protections for educators and staff at Oregon's institutions of higher learning."
For Green, one of the biggest lingering questions is how schools fit into community response due to schools often being used as gathering spots and points of access for social services in much of rural Oregon.
"Outside of the metro area, schools are generally community hubs, so what are they going to do to in order to help out in their communities," Green said. "We're already seeing a variety of things in regard to meal drops, grab-n-go lunches, because we know we have vulnerable populations within our school districts who need those meals and, in some instances, it may be the only meal those kids get."
On Wednesday evening, March 18, Brown ordered the states' 70 colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education to move their curriculum to online learning, prohibiting classroom interactions through April 28, with dorms and residential facilities remaining open.
Ben Cannon, executive director of the Oregon Higher Education Coordinating Commission overseeing all higher education institutes in the state, said Wednesday that he expects a majority of courses provided by public institutions during spring term will be held online and begin a week late to give instructors more time to adjust.
"We haven't done a quantitative assessment, but, anecdotally, I believe that the vast majority of courses that were planned to be offered in the spring term can be and will be converted to fully remote or online" Cannon said. "That's the direction that institutions are heading."
The change is a bit easier for private institutions that will finish up just a few weeks into April as they're on the semester system, but public schools like Oregon's flagship institutions — the University of Oregon and Oregon State University — will have a trickier time as they'll begin new terms mid-April.
According to Cannon, the term is also extended to account for that late start, and he expects there will be some disruption of graduation exercises that usually take place in June.
"Graduation exercises are very much in jeopardy," Cannon said. "I'm not aware at this moment of any university or college that has tentatively canceled their plans, but it's changing so rapidly."
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