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Here's what you need to know as of today about the disease caused by the new coronavirus.

PMG PHOTO: JOSEPH GALLIVAN - A good reminder for all Portlanders and Oregonians: We're in this together.

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With another two cases reported in Deschutes County, Oregon now has a total of 32 people who have been diagnosed with COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, as of Saturday, March 14.

Across the river, Clark County, Washington, reported its first two cases on Friday.

The Oregonian/Oregonlive.com reported that the number of Oregonians tested for the virus, as of Friday morning, stood at 367. That's similar to — if not higher than — many comparable states across the country. President Trump on Friday declared a state of emergency regarding the outbreak. It is expected that the influx of money from that declaration could allow each state to increase the capability of testing for the virus.

The Portland Police Bureau emphasized on Friday afternoon that its officers will continue to patrol the city and respond to all thefts in progress, burglaries, welfare checks, injury vehicle crashes, and many other 911 calls. But authorities are looking for ways to mimize contact with the public and encourage citizens to report non-emergency crimes online.

Portland officials have announced restrictions on usage of parks, delays at courthouses, and the closure of the Multnomah County library system.

Multnomah County Library closed at 6 p.m. Friday, as a precaution against spreading the virus to patrons. Borrowers are encouraged to not return books. All late fines will be waived.

Portland Parks & Recreation has closing all of its community centers and pools, and is canceling all indoor activities, programs and rentals. The tentative reopening date for the bureau's indoor facilities is April 1.

One more complication: Snow began falling in Portland's higher elevations early Saturday. Fears of inclement weather produced long lines at grocery stores on Friday night, and the number of closures and event cancellations continues to rise.

To date, Multnomah County has only one presumptive case: a man between the age of 55 and 74. He is receiving treatment at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Portland.

Cases elsewhere

As of Saturday, March 14, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report a total of 1,629 COVID-19 cases in the United States, with a total of 41 deaths. So far, 47 states and the District of Columbia have reported cases.

The first case of COVID-19 in the United States was reported on Jan. 21.

Readers can track the daily spread of the disease here.

What do we know about COVID-19?

It's a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person.

The name COVID-19 stems from the disease's origin: (CO)rona(VI)rus (D)isease that first emerged in 20(19).

The virus causing COVID-19 is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold. Find out more at the CDC website.

How is it spread?

The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another — "close" meaning within about 6 feet — through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. (It also may be possible that people can get it by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.) Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses at this site.

What are the symptoms?

Most patients with COVID-19 have had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, a cough and shortness of breath. In the more severe cases, some patients have pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and, in some cases, death.

How can I help protect myself?

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.

What should you do if you're sick?

Stay home when you are sick. Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. And clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

What should I do if I recently traveled from an area with ongoing spread of COVID-19?

If you have traveled from an affected area, there may be restrictions on your movements for up to two weeks. If you develop symptoms during that period — such as a fever, cough or trouble breathing — seek medical advice. Call your health care provider before you go, and explain about your travel and your symptoms. Your health care provider will give you instructions on how to get care without exposing other people to your illness. While sick, avoid contact with people, don't go out and delay any travel to reduce the possibility of spreading illness to others.

Is there a vaccine?

Just like the common cold, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19. The best way to prevent infection is to take everyday preventive actions, like avoiding close contact with people who are sick and washing your hands often.

Is there a treatment?

There is no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 can seek medical care to help relieve symptoms. Call your doctor first before going it, to avoid exposing others.


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