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Here's what you need to know as of today about the disease caused by the new coronavirus.

COURTESY PHOTO: OPB - A checklist for COVID-19 health outside a theater in Lake Oswego.

Oregon, by the numbers

Editor's Note: The statistics from the Oregon Health Authority has not yet been updated for Saturday, March 28.

As of Friday, March 27, COVID-19 has claimed one more life in Oregon, raising the state's death toll to 12.

The Oregon Health Authority also reported 98 new cases of COVID-19, bringing the state total of confirmed cases to 414. The daily count rose by 50 on Thursday.

The COVID-19 cases reported on Friday include 22 in Multnomah County; 18 in Washington County; 26 in Marion County; 10 in Clackamas County; four each in Polk and Yamhill counties; three in Deschutes County; two each in Jackson, Lane and Linn counties; and one each in Columbia, Douglas, Klamath, Morrow, Umatilla and Wasco counties.

Oregon's 12th COVID-19 death is an 82-year-old woman in Marion County. She tested positive on March 20 and died Wednesday, March 25, at Salem Hospital. She had underlying medical conditions.

Oregon Health Authority reports new cases once a day at the Health Authority website.

The United States, by the numbers

Editor's Note: The statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has not yet been updated for Saturday, March 28.

As of Friday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report a total of 85,356 proven COVID-19 cases in the United States. That's up by almost 17,000 cases overnight, compared to the 68,440 cases reported on Thursday.

The CDC reports a total of 1,246 deaths as of Friday. That figure jumped by about 250, up from 994 deaths reported on Thursday.

The first case of COVID-19 in the United States was reported on Jan. 21.

Readers can track the daily spread of the disease here.

Latest news

Gov. Kate Brown on Monday issued a stronger stay-at-home rule across the state, and listed non-essential businesses that must be closed.

Failure to observe the rules on gatherings could result in a Class C Misdemeanor. Locally, Portland Police have announced how they plan to enforce the rules.

What do we know about COVID-19?

It's a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person.

The name COVID-19 stems from the disease's origin: (CO)rona(VI)rus (D)isease that first emerged in 20(19).

The virus causing COVID-19 is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold. Find out more at the CDC website.

How is it spread?

The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another — "close" meaning within about 6 feet — through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. (It also may be possible that people can get it by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.) Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses at this site.

What are the symptoms?

Most patients with COVID-19 have had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, a cough and shortness of breath. In the more severe cases, some patients have pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and, in some cases, death.

How can I help protect myself?

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.

What should you do if you're sick?

Stay home when you are sick. Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. And clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

What should I do if I recently traveled from an area with ongoing spread of COVID-19?

If you have traveled from an affected area, there may be restrictions on your movements for up to two weeks. If you develop symptoms during that period — such as a fever, cough or trouble breathing — seek medical advice. Call your health care provider before you go, and explain about your travel and your symptoms. Your health care provider will give you instructions on how to get care without exposing other people to your illness. While sick, avoid contact with people, don't go out and delay any travel to reduce the possibility of spreading illness to others.

Is there a vaccine?

Just like the common cold, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19. The best way to prevent infection is to take everyday preventive actions, like avoiding close contact with people who are sick and washing your hands often.

Is there a treatment?

There is no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 can seek medical care to help relieve symptoms. Call your doctor first before going it, to avoid exposing others.

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