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Here's what you need to know as of today about the disease caused by the new coronavirus.

PMG PHOTO: JONATHAN HOUSE - Businesses such as Keen Garage footwear at Northwest 13th Avenue in Portland, have boarded up during the quarantine.

Oregon, by the numbers

Editor's Note: The statistics from the Oregon Health Authority have not yet been updated for Sunday, April 5.

The total number of confirmed Oregon cases of COVID-19 rose on Saturday, April 4, by 100 cases to a total of 999. That's up from 899 cases on Friday.

The Oregon Health Authority also reports four new deaths in the state, for a total of 26.

The most recent deaths were a 65-year-old man in Marion County who tested positive on March 26 and who died at Legacy Meridian Park Medical Center on April 2; a 59-year-old man in Multnomah County who tested positive on March 24, and who died at his residence on April 3; a 77-year-old woman in Multnomah County who tested positive on March 30 and who died at her residence on April 2; and a 64-year-old woman in Multnomah County who tested positive on March 23 and who died on April 1 at Legacy Mount Hood Medical Center. All four had underlying medical conditions.

The newest confirmed cases include: 34 in Multnomah County; 19 in Washington County; 12 in Clackamas County; 10 in Marion County; six in Jackson County; three each in Deschutes, Lane and Linn counties; two each in Benton, Columbia, Douglas and Polk counties; and one each in Josephine and Klamath counties.

Oregon Health Authority reports new cases once a day at the Health Authority website.

In an effort to help New York, which has the most cases of coronavirus in the country, Gov. Kate Brown has ordered the delivery of 140 ventilators to New York.

Gov. Andrew Cuomo thanked Brown on Saturday, and Brown's office released a statement, saying, "Governor Brown made the decision to send 140 ventilators to help save the lives of New York's critical COVID-19 patients, because Oregon is in a better position right now."

"New York is the current epicenter of the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States," the statement continued. "Their hospitals are at full capacity. At this stage in Oregon, our social distancing measures are helping to ensure that our hospitals have enough ventilators for our current number of COVID-19 patients. If Oregon later finds itself in need of ventilators, New York and other states will respond to our call for assistance."

The United States, by the numbers

Editor's Note: The statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have not yet been updated for Sunday, April 5.

As of Saturday, April 4, the CDC reports a total of 277,205 confirmed cases in the United States. That's up from Friday's total of 239,279 cases.

The CDC also reports a total of 6,593 deaths as of Saturday. That's up by more than 1,000 from the 5,443 deaths reported on Friday.

Readers can track the daily spread of the disease here.

What do we know about COVID-19?

It's a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person.

The name COVID-19 stems from the disease's origin: (CO)rona(VI)rus (D)isease that first emerged in 20(19).

The virus causing COVID-19 is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold. Find out more at the CDC website.

How is it spread?

The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another — "close" meaning within about 6 feet — through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. (It also may be possible that people can get it by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.) Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses at this site.

What are the symptoms?

Most patients with COVID-19 have had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, a cough and shortness of breath. In the more severe cases, some patients have pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and, in some cases, death.

How can I help protect myself?

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.

What should you do if you're sick?

Stay home when you are sick. Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. And clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

What should I do if I recently traveled from an area with ongoing spread of COVID-19?

If you have traveled from an affected area, there may be restrictions on your movements for up to two weeks. If you develop symptoms during that period — such as a fever, cough or trouble breathing — seek medical advice. Call your health care provider before you go, and explain about your travel and your symptoms. Your health care provider will give you instructions on how to get care without exposing other people to your illness. While sick, avoid contact with people, don't go out and delay any travel to reduce the possibility of spreading illness to others.

Is there a vaccine?

Just like the common cold, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19. The best way to prevent infection is to take everyday preventive actions, like avoiding close contact with people who are sick and washing your hands often.

Is there a treatment?

There is no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 can seek medical care to help relieve symptoms. Call your doctor first before going it, to avoid exposing others.


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